Joseph Murray

1919 - 2012

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Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.Murray shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 with E. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph Murray has received more than 188,825 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia. Joseph Murray is the 143rd most popular physician (down from 131st in 2019), the 1,194th most popular biography from United States (down from 959th in 2019) and the 10th most popular American Physician.

Joseph Murray is most famous for being the first person to successfully perform a human organ transplant.

Memorability Metrics

  • 190k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.01

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.30

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Joseph Murrays by language


Among physicians, Joseph Murray ranks 143 out of 509Before him are Joseph Erlanger, Kitasato Shibasaburō, Dominique Jean Larrey, Theodor Billroth, Baruj Benacerraf, and Robin Warren. After him are André Frédéric Cournand, Edgar Adrian, Albert of Riga, Virginia Apgar, Ctesias, and Louis Ignarro.

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Among people born in 1919, Joseph Murray ranks 44Before him are James M. Buchanan, Mordechai Anielewicz, Ian Smith, Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Oleg Penkovsky, and Chavela Vargas. After him are Jennifer Jones, Georges Duby, Art Blakey, Martin Balsam, Liberace, and Lauri Törni. Among people deceased in 2012, Joseph Murray ranks 50Before him are Miguel de la Madrid, Sergey Sokolov, George Armitage Miller, Chavela Vargas, Carl Woese, and Etta James. After him are Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen, Lucio Dalla, Andrew Huxley, Harry Harrison, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, and Paul L. Smith.

Others Born in 1919

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Others Deceased in 2012

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Joseph Murray ranks 1,194 out of 15,968Before him are Edith Wharton (1862), J. Allen Hynek (1910), Jim Belushi (1954), Jerome Karle (1918), John Hasbrouck Van Vleck (1899), and Etta James (1938). After him are Eric Roberts (1956), Sam Walton (1918), Bette Midler (1945), Solomon R. Guggenheim (1861), Brooke Shields (1965), and Joseph Kosuth (1945).

Among PHYSICIANS In United States

Among physicians born in United States, Joseph Murray ranks 10Before him are Ferid Murad (1936), William P. Murphy (1892), Baruch Samuel Blumberg (1925), Robin Cook (1940), Herbert Spencer Gasser (1888), and Joseph Erlanger (1874). After him are Virginia Apgar (1909), Louis Ignarro (1941), Frederick Chapman Robbins (1916), Francis Peyton Rous (1879), George Minot (1885), and Michael Stuart Brown (1941).