Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

1608 - 1679

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Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (Italian pronunciation: [dʒoˈvanni alˈfɔnso boˈrɛlli]; 28 January 1608 – 31 December 1679) was a Renaissance Italian physiologist, physicist, and mathematician. He contributed to the modern principle of scientific investigation by continuing Galileo's practice of testing hypotheses against observation. Trained in mathematics, Borelli also made extensive studies of Jupiter's moons, the mechanics of animal locomotion and, in microscopy, of the constituents of blood. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Giovanni Alfonso Borelli has received more than 139,793 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Giovanni Alfonso Borelli is the 95th most popular physician (up from 109th in 2019), the 870th most popular biography from Italy (down from 847th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Physician.

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli is most famous for his work on the anatomy of the human body. He was the first to describe the structure of the spinal cord, which he called the medulla oblongata.

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Among physicians, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli ranks 95 out of 509Before him are Julius Wagner-Jauregg, August Krogh, Ronald Ross, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Bernardino of Siena, and Theodor Morell. After him are Eric Kandel, Arvid Carlsson, Friedrich Miescher, John Snow, Franz Joseph Gall, and John Langdon Down.

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Among people born in 1608, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli ranks 5Before him are Evangelista Torricelli, John Milton, Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Gaston, Duke of Orléans. After him are Tukaram, Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine, Ivan Vyhovsky, António Vieira, Eudoxia Streshneva, George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, and Pieter Post. Among people deceased in 1679, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli ranks 3Before him are Thomas Hobbes and Jan Steen. After him are Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, John of Austria the Younger, Joost van den Vondel, John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, Willem van Aelst, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, Margherita de' Medici, Francesco Barberini, and Jean François Paul de Gondi.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli ranks 870 out of 4,088Before him are Orazio Gentileschi (1563), Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta (1900), Bernardino of Siena (1380), Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1587), Lucius Cornelius Cinna (-135), and Galeazzo Maria Sforza (1444). After him are Giovanni Pisano (1248), Herod Agrippa II (28), Gianluigi Buffon (1978), Antipope Clement III (1025), Rachele Mussolini (1890), and Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646).


Among physicians born in Italy, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli ranks 8Before him are Cesare Lombroso (1835), Camillo Golgi (1843), Rita Levi-Montalcini (1909), Marcello Malpighi (1628), Francesco Redi (1626), and Bernardino of Siena (1380). After him are Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723), Peter Damian (1007), Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501), Andrea Cesalpino (1519), Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682), and Bernardino Ramazzini (1633).