Vera Rubin

1928 - 2016

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Vera Florence Cooper Rubin (; July 23, 1928 – December 25, 2016) was an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She uncovered the discrepancy between the predicted and observed angular motion of galaxies by studying galactic rotation curves. Identifying the galaxy rotation problem, her work provided some of the first evidence for the existence of dark matter. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Vera Rubin has received more than 727,064 page views. Her biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 43 in 2019). Vera Rubin is the 88th most popular astronomer (down from 78th in 2019), the 1,264th most popular biography from United States (down from 1,173rd in 2019) and the 14th most popular American Astronomer.

Vera Rubin was an astronomer and professor of astronomy at Georgetown University. She was most famous for her discovery that galaxies rotate at the same speed regardless of their distance from Earth. This discovery contradicted the prevailing theory that stars farther away from Earth should be moving slower than those closer to Earth.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.15

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among astronomers, Vera Rubin ranks 88 out of 532Before her are Karl Ludwig Harding, Angelo Secchi, Johann Elert Bode, Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr., Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, and Johann Adam Schall von Bell. After her are Victor Ambartsumian, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth, Robert Luther, Henry Norris Russell, and Edward Emerson Barnard.

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Among people born in 1928, Vera Rubin ranks 75Before her are Herbert Kroemer, James Randi, Tony Richardson, Robert Sheckley, James Garner, and Lina Wertmüller. After her are Fats Domino, Zhu Rongji, Hans Modrow, Giampiero Boniperti, Gene Sharp, and Elias James Corey. Among people deceased in 2016, Vera Rubin ranks 59Before her are Reinhard Selten, Yasuo Takamori, Esma Redžepova, Patricio Aylwin, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, and Toots Thielemans. After her are Michel Galabru, Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, Margot Honecker, Vesna Vulović, Michel Butor, and Sonia Rykiel.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Vera Rubin ranks 1,264 out of 15,968Before her are Eddie Cochran (1938), Jordan Belfort (1962), Rosemary Kennedy (1918), Evander Holyfield (1962), Diana Gabaldon (1952), and Noah Gordon (1926). After her are Laura Bush (1946), Fats Domino (1928), Courtney Love (1964), Jack Swigert (1931), Ray Kurzweil (1948), and Eva Marie Saint (1924).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United States

Among astronomers born in United States, Vera Rubin ranks 14Before her are Percival Lowell (1855), William Alfred Fowler (1911), Henrietta Swan Leavitt (1868), Lewis A. Swift (1820), J. Allen Hynek (1910), and Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (1941). After her are Henry Norris Russell (1877), Edward Emerson Barnard (1857), Edward Charles Pickering (1846), Annie Jump Cannon (1863), Frank Drake (1930), and Harlow Shapley (1885).