Jacques Cousteau

1910 - 1997

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Icon of person Jacques Cousteau

Jacques-Yves Cousteau, (, also UK: , French: [ʒak iv kusto]; 11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-Lung, pioneered marine conservation and was a member of the Académie Française. Cousteau described his underwater world research in a series of books, perhaps the most successful being his first book, The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure, published in 1953. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jacques Cousteau has received more than 3,541,861 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 73 in 2019). Jacques Cousteau is the 19th most popular explorer, the 150th most popular biography from France and the 2nd most popular French Explorer.

Jacques Cousteau is most famous for his work in the field of marine biology and oceanography. He was a pioneer in underwater exploration, film-making, and environmental activism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.14

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.07

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.73

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Jacques Cousteaus by language


Among explorers, Jacques Cousteau ranks 19 out of 405Before him are Francisco Pizarro, Prince Henry the Navigator, Jacques Cartier, Fridtjof Nansen, Erik the Red, and David Livingstone. After him are Xuanzang, Leif Erikson, Thor Heyerdahl, Abel Tasman, Vitus Bering, and Pedro Álvares Cabral.

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Among people born in 1910, Jacques Cousteau ranks 3Before him are Mother Teresa and Akira Kurosawa. After him are Irena Sendler, Giuseppe Meazza, Gloria Stuart, Robert K. Merton, Ingrid of Sweden, Django Reinhardt, Konrad Zuse, Jean Genet, and Paulette Goddard. Among people deceased in 1997, Jacques Cousteau ranks 4Before him are Mother Teresa, Deng Xiaoping, and James Stewart. After him are Diana, Princess of Wales, Viktor Frankl, Jeanne Calment, Toshiro Mifune, Gianni Versace, Victor Vasarely, Mobutu Sese Seko, and Roy Lichtenstein.

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In France

Among people born in France, Jacques Cousteau ranks 150 out of 5,234Before him are Jean-Paul Belmondo (1933), Louis XI of France (1423), Henri Poincaré (1854), Charles Aznavour (1924), Philip V of Spain (1683), and William the Conqueror (1028). After him are Louis de Funès (1914), François Mitterrand (1916), Christian Dior (1905), Charles V of France (1338), Pope John XXII (1244), and Sully Prudhomme (1839).

Among EXPLORERS In France

Among explorers born in France, Jacques Cousteau ranks 2Before him are Jacques Cartier (1491). After him are Jeanne Baret (1740), Pytheas (-380), Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729), Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse (1741), Samuel de Champlain (1567), Jules Dumont d'Urville (1790), Charles Marie de La Condamine (1701), René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643), Jean de Béthencourt (1362), and Jean Chardin (1643).