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Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

1791 - 1847

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Marie Louise (12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 11 April 1814 until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and as such Empress of the French and Queen of Italy from their marriage on 1 April 1810 until his abdication on 6 April 1814. As the eldest child of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Emperor of Austria, and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Marie Louise grew up during a period marked by ongoing and unceasing conflict between Austria and revolutionary France. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma has received more than 1,580,339 page views. Her biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma is the 14th most popular companion (down from 12th in 2019), the 22nd most popular biography from Austria (up from 25th in 2019) and the most popular Austrian Companion.

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma was most famous for being Napoleon Bonaparte's second wife.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.99

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.65

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma ranks 14 out of 673Before her are Mihrimah Sultan, Nurbanu Sultan, Eva Braun, Helena, Khadija bint Khuwaylid, and Empress Joséphine. After her are Madame de Pompadour, Nefertari, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Lucretia, Jane Seymour, and Ankhesenamun.

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Among people born in 1791, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma ranks 2Before her is Michael Faraday. After her are Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Théodore Géricault, Carl Czerny, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, James Buchanan, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Franz Bopp, Francesco Hayez, and Eugène Scribe. Among people deceased in 1847, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma ranks 2Before her is Felix Mendelssohn. After her are Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, Fanny Mendelssohn, Emmanuel de Grouchy, marquis de Grouchy, Mary Anning, Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary, John Franklin, Marie Duplessis, Jules de Polignac, Adélaïde d'Orléans, and Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard Grandville.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma ranks 22 out of 1,237Before her are Erwin Schrödinger (1887), Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1685), Alfred Adler (1870), Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459), Charles I of Austria (1887), and Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1741). After her are Johann Strauss II (1825), Ferdinand I of Austria (1793), Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1747), Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858), Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640), and Romy Schneider (1938).

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