The Most Famous

COMPANIONS from Austria

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This page contains a list of the greatest Austrian Companions. The pantheon dataset contains 687 Companions, 21 of which were born in Austria. This makes Austria the birth place of the 8th most number of Companions behind Turkey and United States.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Austrian Companions of all time. This list of famous Austrian Companions is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Austrian Companions.

Photo of Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

1. Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (1791 - 1847)

With an HPI of 82.44, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma is the most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 58 different languages on wikipedia.

Marie Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia; Italian: Maria Luigia Leopoldina Francesca Teresa Giuseppa Lucia; 12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 11 April 1814 until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and as such Empress of the French from their marriage on 1 April 1810 until his abdication on 6 April 1814. As the eldest child of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Emperor of Austria, and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Marie Louise grew up during a period of continuous conflict between Austria and revolutionary France. A series of military defeats at the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte had inflicted a heavy human toll on Austria and led Francis to dissolve the Holy Roman Empire. The end of the War of the Fifth Coalition resulted in the marriage of Napoleon and Marie Louise in 1810, which ushered in a brief period of peace and friendship between Austria and the French Empire. Marie Louise agreed to the marriage despite being raised to despise France. She was adored by Napoleon, who had been eager to marry a member of one of Europe's leading royal houses to cement his relatively young Empire. With Napoleon, she bore a son, styled the King of Rome at birth, later Duke of Reichstadt, who briefly succeeded him as Napoleon II. Napoleon's fortunes changed dramatically in 1812 after his failed invasion of Russia. The European powers, including Austria, resumed hostilities towards France in the War of the Sixth Coalition, which ended with the abdication of Napoleon and his exile to Elba. The 1814 Treaty of Fontainebleau handed over the Duchies of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla to Empress Marie Louise. She ruled the duchies until her death. Marie Louise married morganatically twice after Napoleon's death in 1821. Her second husband was Count Adam Albert von Neipperg (married 1821), an equerry she met in 1814. She and Neipperg had three children. After Neipperg's death in 1829, she married Count Charles-René de Bombelles, her chamberlain, in 1834. Marie Louise died in Parma in 1847.

Photo of Klara Hitler

2. Klara Hitler (1860 - 1907)

With an HPI of 79.46, Klara Hitler is the 2nd most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 42 different languages.

Klara Hitler (née Pölzl; 12 August 1860 – 21 December 1907) was the mother of Adolf Hitler, the Führer of Nazi Germany during the Third Reich.

Photo of Maria Carolina of Austria

3. Maria Carolina of Austria (1752 - 1814)

With an HPI of 77.95, Maria Carolina of Austria is the 3rd most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Maria Carolina of Austria (Maria Carolina Louise Josepha Johanna Antonia; 13 August 1752 – 8 September 1814) was Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of king Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. As de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation of many reforms, including the revocation of the ban on Freemasonry, the enlargement of the navy under her favorite, Sir John Acton, and the expulsion of Spanish influence. She was a proponent of enlightened absolutism until the advent of the French Revolution, when, in order to prevent its ideas gaining currency, she made Naples a police state. Born an Austrian archduchess, the thirteenth child of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, she married Ferdinand as part of an Austrian alliance with Spain, where Ferdinand's father was king. Following the birth of a male heir in 1775, Maria Carolina was admitted to the Privy Council. Thereafter, she dominated it until 1812, when she was sent back to Vienna. Like her mother, Maria Carolina took pains to make politically advantageous marriages for her children. Maria Carolina promoted Naples as a centre of the arts, patronising painters Jacob Philipp Hackert and Angelica Kauffman and academics Gaetano Filangieri, Domenico Cirillo and Giuseppe Maria Galanti. Maria Carolina, abhorring how the French treated their queen, her sister Marie Antoinette, allied Naples with Britain and Austria during the Napoleonic and French Revolutionary Wars. As a result of a failed Neapolitan invasion of French-occupied Rome, she fled to Sicily with her husband in December 1798. One month later, the Parthenopean Republic was declared, which repudiated Bourbon rule in Naples for six months. Deposed as Queen of Naples for a second time by French forces, in 1806, Maria Carolina died in Vienna in 1814, a year before her husband's restoration to Naples.

Photo of Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France

4. Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France (1554 - 1592)

With an HPI of 76.44, Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France is the 4th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Elisabeth of Austria (5 July 1554 – 22 January 1592) was Queen of France from 1570 to 1574 as the wife of King Charles IX. A member of the House of Habsburg, she was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.

Photo of Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain

5. Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584 - 1611)

With an HPI of 75.45, Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain is the 5th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 39 different languages.

Margaret of Austria (25 December 1584 – 3 October 1611) was Queen of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III & II.

Photo of Albert VII, Archduke of Austria

6. Albert VII, Archduke of Austria (1559 - 1621)

With an HPI of 73.49, Albert VII, Archduke of Austria is the 6th most famous Austrian Companion.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Albert VII (German: Albrecht VII; 13 November 1559 – 13 July 1621) was the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1598 and 1621. Prior to this, he had been a cardinal, archbishop of Toledo, viceroy of Portugal and Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands. He succeeded his brother Matthias as reigning archduke of Lower and Upper Austria, but abdicated in favor of Ferdinand II the same year, making it the shortest (and often ignored) reign in Austrian history.

Photo of Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland

7. Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland (1573 - 1598)

With an HPI of 73.05, Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland is the 7th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 32 different languages.

Anne of Austria (16 August 1573 – 10 February 1598) was Queen of Poland and Sweden as the first consort of King Sigismund III Vasa.

Photo of Maria Amalia of Austria

8. Maria Amalia of Austria (1701 - 1756)

With an HPI of 71.85, Maria Amalia of Austria is the 8th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Maria Amalia of Austria (Maria Amalie Josefa Anna; 22 October 1701 – 11 December 1756) was Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Bohemia, Electress and Duchess of Bavaria etc. as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII. By birth, she was an archduchess of Austria, the daughter of Emperor Joseph I and Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Maria Amalia had seven children, only four of whom lived through to adulthood, including Maximilian III, Elector of Bavaria.

Photo of Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria

9. Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria (1750 - 1762)

With an HPI of 71.79, Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria is the 9th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Archduchess Maria Johanna of Austria (English: Maria Joanna Gabriella Josepha Antonia; German: Maria Johanna Gabriele Josefa Antonia; 4 February 1750 – 23 December 1762) was an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany, Hungary and Bohemia as the eleventh child and eighth daughter of Francis Stephen of Lorraine, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa. She was described as likeable and good-natured, but died aged 12 of smallpox.

Photo of Maria Theresa of Austria

10. Maria Theresa of Austria (1816 - 1867)

With an HPI of 71.78, Maria Theresa of Austria is the 10th most famous Austrian Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Maria Theresa of Austria (Maria Theresia Isabella; 31 July 1816 – 8 August 1867) was the second wife of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies. She was the eldest daughter of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg. Her paternal grandparents were Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. Her maternal grandparents were Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg (1768–1816) and his wife Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg. Maria Theresa was Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Ladies Chapter of the Castle of Prague (1834-1835).

Pantheon has 21 people classified as companions born between 1281 and 1921. Of these 21, none of them are still alive today. The most famous deceased companions include Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, Klara Hitler, and Maria Carolina of Austria. As of October 2020, 1 new companions have been added to Pantheon including Archduchess Maria Magdalena of Austria.

Deceased Companions

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Newly Added Companions (2020)

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Which Companions were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 10 most globally memorable Companions since 1700.