Marcel Mauss

1872 - 1950

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Marcel Mauss (French: [mos]; 10 May 1872 – 10 February 1950) was a French sociologist and anthropologist known as the "Father of French ethnology." The nephew of Émile Durkheim, Mauss, in his academic work, crossed the boundaries between sociology and anthropology. Today, he is perhaps better recognised for his influence on the latter discipline, particularly with respect to his analyses of topics such as magic, sacrifice and gift exchange in different cultures around the world. Mauss had a significant influence upon Claude Lévi-Strauss, the founder of structural anthropology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marcel Mauss has received more than 450,127 page views. His biography is available in 39 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Marcel Mauss is the 11th most popular sociologist (up from 12th in 2019), the 526th most popular biography from France (down from 503rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Sociologist.

Marcel Mauss is most famous for his book The Gift, which he wrote in 1925. In this book, he argues that gift-giving is the fundamental basis of human society.

Memorability Metrics

  • 450k

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  • 74.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 39

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.20

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among sociologists, Marcel Mauss ranks 11 out of 54Before him are Georg Simmel, Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Erving Goffman, Anthony Giddens, and Norbert Elias. After him are Karl Mannheim, Immanuel Wallerstein, Niklas Luhmann, Gabriel Tarde, Ulrich Beck, and Pitirim Sorokin.

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Among people born in 1872, Marcel Mauss ranks 11Before him are Johan Huizinga, Haakon VII of Norway, Alexandra Feodorovna, Calvin Coolidge, Djemal Pasha, and Sergei Diaghilev. After him are Anton Denikin, Léon Blum, Louis Blériot, Richard Willstätter, Emil Hácha, and Paul Langevin. Among people deceased in 1950, Marcel Mauss ranks 11Before him are Vaslav Nijinsky, Heinrich Mann, Willis Carrier, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Edgar Rice Burroughs, and Johannes V. Jensen. After him are Vallabhbhai Patel, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, Léon Blum, Albert Lebrun, Kurt Weill, and Karl Renner.

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In France

Among people born in France, Marcel Mauss ranks 526 out of 5,234Before him are Alexandre Cabanel (1823), René Laennec (1781), Jean-Baptiste Biot (1774), Ludwig I of Bavaria (1786), Henry I, Duke of Guise (1550), and Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848). After him are Chilperic I (539), Rashi (1040), Genevieve (423), Antipope Clement VII (1342), Marcel Marceau (1923), and Augustin-Jean Fresnel (1788).


Among sociologists born in France, Marcel Mauss ranks 3Before him are Émile Durkheim (1858) and Pierre Bourdieu (1930). After him are Gabriel Tarde (1843), Alain Touraine (1925), and Marcel Granet (1884).