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Gabriel Tarde

1843 - 1904

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Gabriel Tarde (French: [taʁd]; in full Jean-Gabriel De Tarde; 12 March 1843 – 13 May 1904) was a French sociologist, criminologist and social psychologist who conceived sociology as based on small psychological interactions among individuals (much as if it were chemistry), the fundamental forces being imitation and innovation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gabriel Tarde has received more than 185,509 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia. Gabriel Tarde is the 16th most popular sociologist (down from 15th in 2019), the 654th most popular biography from France (down from 624th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Sociologist.

Gabriel Tarde is most famous for his work on the laws of imitation. He believed that imitation was the driving force behind all human behavior.

Memorability Metrics

  • 190k

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  • 65.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.64

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.85

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among sociologists, Gabriel Tarde ranks 16 out of 54Before him are Norbert Elias, Marcel Mauss, Niklas Luhmann, Immanuel Wallerstein, Ulrich Beck, and Karl Mannheim. After him are Manuel Castells, Pitirim Sorokin, Peter L. Berger, C. Wright Mills, Alain Touraine, and Daniel Bell.

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Among people born in 1843, Gabriel Tarde ranks 11Before him are Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Camillo Golgi, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Louis Renault, Henry James, and William McKinley. After him are Elisabeth of Wied, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria, Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia, Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz, and Benito Pérez Galdós. Among people deceased in 1904, Gabriel Tarde ranks 12Before him are Henry Morton Stanley, Friedrich Ratzel, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Niels Ryberg Finsen, and Eadweard Muybridge. After him are Abai Qunanbaiuly, George, King of Saxony, Henri Fantin-Latour, Paul Kruger, Lafcadio Hearn, and Émile Gallé.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 654 out of 6,011Before him are Antoine-Jean Gros (1771), Félix Faure (1841), François Ravaillac (1578), Agnès Sorel (1422), Jacques Charles (1763), and Emmanuel de Grouchy, marquis de Grouchy (1766). After him are Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (1528), Pierre Louis Maupertuis (1698), Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne (1611), Darius Milhaud (1892), Dom Pérignon (1639), and Louis Blériot (1872).


Among sociologists born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 4Before him are Émile Durkheim (1858), Pierre Bourdieu (1930), and Marcel Mauss (1872). After him are Alain Touraine (1925), Marcel Granet (1884), and Loïc Wacquant (1960).