Gabriel Tarde

1843 - 1904

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Gabriel Tarde (French: [taʁd]; in full Jean-Gabriel De Tarde; 12 March 1843 – 13 May 1904) was a French sociologist, criminologist and social psychologist who conceived sociology as based on small psychological interactions among individuals (much as if it were chemistry), the fundamental forces being imitation and innovation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gabriel Tarde has received more than 152,230 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). Gabriel Tarde is the 15th most popular sociologist (down from 14th in 2019), the 625th most popular biography from France (down from 579th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Sociologist.

Gabriel Tarde is most famous for his work on the laws of imitation. He believed that imitation was the driving force behind all human behavior.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.48

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among sociologists, Gabriel Tarde ranks 15 out of 54Before him are Anthony Giddens, Norbert Elias, Marcel Mauss, Karl Mannheim, Immanuel Wallerstein, and Niklas Luhmann. After him are Ulrich Beck, Pitirim Sorokin, C. Wright Mills, Peter L. Berger, Robert Michels, and Daniel Bell.

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Among people born in 1843, Gabriel Tarde ranks 11Before him are Camillo Golgi, Henry James, Louis Renault, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Charles Albert Gobat, and William McKinley. After him are Elisabeth of Wied, Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria, Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia, Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz, and Benito Pérez Galdós. Among people deceased in 1904, Gabriel Tarde ranks 12Before him are Henry Morton Stanley, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Eadweard Muybridge, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Friedrich Ratzel, and Abai Qunanbaiuly. After him are Henri Fantin-Latour, Paul Kruger, George, King of Saxony, Étienne-Jules Marey, Émile Gallé, and Vasily Vereshchagin.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 625 out of 5,234Before him are Syagrius (430), Peter Waldo (1140), William of Rubruck (1220), Darius Milhaud (1892), Jacques Maritain (1882), and Marie of Anjou (1404). After him are Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922), Isabelle Huppert (1953), Antoine-Jean Gros (1771), Luigi Lucheni (1873), Richard Clayderman (1953), and Pierre Richard (1934).


Among sociologists born in France, Gabriel Tarde ranks 4Before him are Émile Durkheim (1858), Pierre Bourdieu (1930), and Marcel Mauss (1872). After him are Alain Touraine (1925) and Marcel Granet (1884).