Joseph de Maistre

1753 - 1821

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Joseph-Marie, comte de Maistre (French: [də mɛstʁ]; 1 April 1753 – 26 February 1821) was a Savoyard philosopher, writer, lawyer and diplomat who advocated social hierarchy and monarchy in the period immediately following the French Revolution. Despite his close personal and intellectual ties with France, Maistre was throughout his life a subject of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which he served as a member of the Savoy Senate (1787–1792), ambassador to Russia (1803–1817) and minister of state to the court in Turin (1817–1821).A key figure of the Counter-Enlightenment, Maistre regarded monarchy both as a divinely sanctioned institution and as the only stable form of government. He called for the restoration of the House of Bourbon to the throne of France and for the ultimate authority of the Pope in temporal matters. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph de Maistre has received more than 471,202 page views. His biography is available in 39 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Joseph de Maistre is the 222nd most popular philosopher (up from 237th in 2019), the 512th most popular biography from France (up from 575th in 2019) and the 31st most popular French Philosopher.

Joseph de Maistre is most famous for his essay "Considerations on France." In this essay, he argues that the French Revolution was the result of the philosophy of the Enlightenment.

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Among philosophers, Joseph de Maistre ranks 222 out of 1,089Before him are Bernard Bolzano, Hasan al-Basri, Hippias, Imre Lakatos, Gaston Bachelard, and Diotima of Mantinea. After him are Paul Feyerabend, Hippasus, Julia Kristeva, Slavoj Žižek, Franz Brentano, and Chilon of Sparta.

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Among people born in 1753, Joseph de Maistre ranks 1After him are Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Utamaro, Benjamin Thompson, Lazare Carnot, Jean-Baptiste Kléber, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Marie Joséphine of Savoy, Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans, Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, and Samuel Crompton. Among people deceased in 1821, Joseph de Maistre ranks 3Before him are Napoleon and John Keats. After him are Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans, Caroline of Brunswick, John William Polidori, Franz Karl Achard, William I, Elector of Hesse, Johann Jacob Schweppe, Gregory V of Constantinople, Tudor Vladimirescu, and Louis Claude Richard.

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In France

Among people born in France, Joseph de Maistre ranks 512 out of 5,234Before him are Maurice Utrillo (1883), Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France (1290), Henri, Count of Chambord (1820), Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (1834), Gaston Bachelard (1884), and Allan Kardec (1804). After him are Baldwin II of Jerusalem (1060), Paul Barras (1755), Hugues de Payens (1074), Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882), Pierre de Marivaux (1688), and Pierre Boulez (1925).


Among philosophers born in France, Joseph de Maistre ranks 31Before him are Jean-François Lyotard (1924), Nicolas Malebranche (1638), Pierre Gassendi (1592), Étienne Bonnot de Condillac (1714), Gabriel Marcel (1889), and Gaston Bachelard (1884). After him are Guy Debord (1931), Jacques Maritain (1882), Nicole Oresme (1323), Raymond Aron (1905), Roger Garaudy (1913), and François Fénelon (1651).