J. J. Thomson

1856 - 1940

J. J. Thomson

Sir Joseph John Thomson (18 December 1856 – 30 August 1940) was a British physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics, credited with the discovery of the electron, the first subatomic particle to be discovered. In 1897, Thomson showed that cathode rays were composed of previously unknown negatively charged particles (now called electrons), which he calculated must have bodies much smaller than atoms and a very large charge-to-mass ratio. Thomson is also credited with finding the first evidence for isotopes of a stable (non-radioactive) element in 1913, as part of his exploration into the composition of canal rays (positive ions). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of J. J. Thomson has received more than 2,606,104 page views. His biography is available in 91 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 27th most popular physicist.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 91

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.26

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.48

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, J. J. Thomson ranks 27 out of 659Before him are Georg Ohm, Heinrich Hertz, Hans Christian Ørsted, Ibn al-Haytham, Hendrik Lorentz, and Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit. After him are Henry Cavendish, Luigi Galvani, Daniel Bernoulli, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Paul Dirac, and Richard Feynman.

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Among people born in 1856, J. J. Thomson ranks 6Before him are Sigmund Freud, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Woodrow Wilson, and Philippe Pétain. After him are Louis Sullivan, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Archduchess Gisela of Austria, Robert Peary, Napoléon, Prince Imperial, and Georgi Plekhanov. Among people deceased in 1940, J. J. Thomson ranks 5Before him are Leon Trotsky, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Selma Lagerlöf, and Paul Klee. After him are Walter Benjamin, Neville Chamberlain, Mikhail Bulgakov, Nikolai Yezhov, Robert Wadlow, Gerda Wegener, and Carl Bosch.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, J. J. Thomson ranks 77 out of 5,347Before him are Charles Babbage (1791), Roger Bacon (1220), Alex Ferguson (1941), Charles, Prince of Wales (1948), Walter Scott (1771), and Mary Shelley (1797). After him are Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (1758), Robert Louis Stevenson (1850), Herbert Spencer (1820), George VI (1895), David Bowie (1947), and Jeremy Bentham (1748).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, J. J. Thomson ranks 7Before him are Isaac Newton (1643), Stephen Hawking (1942), Michael Faraday (1791), James Clerk Maxwell (1831), James Prescott Joule (1818), and Robert Hooke (1635). After him are William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824), Paul Dirac (1902), Thomas Young (1773), James Chadwick (1891), William Gilbert (1544), and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869).