J. J. Thomson

1856 - 1940

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Sir Joseph John Thomson (18 December 1856 – 30 August 1940) was a British physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics, credited with the discovery of the electron, the first subatomic particle to be discovered. In 1897, Thomson showed that cathode rays were composed of previously unknown negatively charged particles (now called electrons), which he calculated must have bodies much smaller than atoms and a very large charge-to-mass ratio. Thomson is also credited with finding the first evidence for isotopes of a stable (non-radioactive) element in 1913, as part of his exploration into the composition of canal rays (positive ions). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of J. J. Thomson has received more than 2,903,999 page views. His biography is available in 95 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 91 in 2019). J. J. Thomson is the 33rd most popular physicist (down from 27th in 2019), the 113th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 77th in 2019) and the 7th most popular British Physicist.

J. J. Thomson was a British physicist who discovered the electron. He also discovered the first subatomic particle, the proton.

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  • 95

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  • 7.88

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  • 4.84

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Among physicists, J. J. Thomson ranks 33 out of 721Before him are Hendrik Lorentz, Luigi Galvani, Louis de Broglie, Henry Cavendish, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, and Richard Feynman. After him are Gustav Kirchhoff, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Ernst Mach, Wolfgang Pauli, Andrei Sakharov, and Lise Meitner.

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Among people born in 1856, J. J. Thomson ranks 5Before him are Sigmund Freud, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, and Philippe Pétain. After him are Woodrow Wilson, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Louis Sullivan, Archduchess Gisela of Austria, Robert Peary, Emil Kraepelin, and Napoléon, Prince Imperial. Among people deceased in 1940, J. J. Thomson ranks 6Before him are Leon Trotsky, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Selma Lagerlöf, Paul Klee, and Walter Benjamin. After him are Mikhail Bulgakov, Neville Chamberlain, Robert Wadlow, Nikolai Yezhov, Emma Goldman, and Peter Behrens.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, J. J. Thomson ranks 113 out of 6,924Before him are Blackbeard (1680), Ridley Scott (1937), Henry VI of England (1421), Elton John (1947), Alan Rickman (1946), and Edward VII (1841). After him are H. G. Wells (1866), Edward Elgar (1857), John Napier (1550), Diana, Princess of Wales (1961), Charles I of England (1600), and Henry Purcell (1659).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, J. J. Thomson ranks 7Before him are Isaac Newton (1643), Stephen Hawking (1942), Michael Faraday (1791), James Prescott Joule (1818), James Clerk Maxwell (1831), and Robert Hooke (1635). After him are Paul Dirac (1902), William Gilbert (1544), James Chadwick (1891), William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824), Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869), and John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (1842).