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Alexander Parvus

1867 - 1924

Photo of Alexander Parvus

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Alexander Lvovich Parvus, born Israel Lazarevich Gelfand (8 September 1867 – 12 December 1924) and sometimes called Helphand in the literature on the Russian Revolution, was a Marxist theoretician, publicist, and controversial activist in the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alexander Parvus has received more than 430,268 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Alexander Parvus is the 123rd most popular social activist (down from 89th in 2019), the 30th most popular biography from Belarus (down from 22nd in 2019) and the most popular Belarusian Social Activist.

Alexander Parvus was a Marxist revolutionary who was most famous for his role in the 1905 Russian Revolution.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.68

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.50

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.57

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Alexander Parvuses by language


Among social activists, Alexander Parvus ranks 123 out of 538Before him are Vesna Vulović, Denis Mukwege, Flora Tristan, Maria Altmann, Vasil Levski, and Alfred Naujocks. After him are Meng Huo, Gerda Christian, John Brown, Mangal Pandey, Sergey Nechayev, and Leila Khaled.

Most Popular Social Activists in Wikipedia

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Among people born in 1867, Alexander Parvus ranks 36Before him are Rubén Darío, Madam C. J. Walker, Kurt Eisner, Edward B. Titchener, Ignacy Mościcki, and Eugen Sandow. After him are Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Wilhelm Groener, Edgar de Wahl, Winsor McCay, and Hans Driesch. Among people deceased in 1924, Alexander Parvus ranks 24Before him are G. Stanley Hall, Giacomo Matteotti, Léon Bakst, Eleonora Duse, Paul Natorp, and Karl Denke. After him are Lyubov Popova, Princess Louise of Belgium, Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Ziya Gökalp, Teófilo Braga, and Bogd Khan.

Others Born in 1867

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In Belarus

Among people born in Belarus, Alexander Parvus ranks 30 out of 330Before him are Francysk Skaryna (1486), Zalman Shazar (1889), Léon Bakst (1866), Vilna Gaon (1720), Raphael Lemkin (1900), and Irving Berlin (1888). After him are Maria Kaczyńska (1942), Stanisław Moniuszko (1819), Isser Harel (1912), Rogneda of Polotsk (966), Yakub Kolas (1882), and Zhores Alferov (1930).


Among social activists born in Belarus, Alexander Parvus ranks 1After him are Abba Kovner (1918), Tuvia Bielski (1906), Vasily Ignatenko (1961), Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (1789), Roman Protasevich (1995), and Valery Levaneuski (1963).