Rosa Luxemburg

1871 - 1919

Photo of Rosa Luxemburg

Icon of person Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg (Polish: Róża Luksemburg, [ˈruʐa ˈluksɛmburk] ; German: [ˈʁoːza ˈlʊksm̩bʊʁk] ; born Rozalia Luksenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish and naturalised-German revolutionary socialist, orthodox Marxist, and anti-War activist during the First World War. She became a key figure of the revolutionary socialist movements of Poland and Germany during the late 19th and early 20th century, particularly the Spartacist uprising. Born and raised in a secular Jewish family in Congress Poland, she became a German citizen in 1897. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Luxemburg has received more than 4,465,082 page views. Her biography is available in 131 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 127 in 2019). Rosa Luxemburg is the 7th most popular social activist (down from 6th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Poland and the most popular Polish Social Activist.

Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-born Marxist theorist and politician. She was a co-founder of the Communist Party of Germany and a leader of the Spartacist uprising.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.46

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 131

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Rosa Luxemburgs by language

Over the past year Rosa Luxemburg has had the most page views in the with 549,208 views, followed by German (386,039), and Russian (180,782). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Twi (2,102.70%), (508.29%), and Guarani (387.45%)


Among social activists, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 7 out of 840Before her are Che Guevara, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Malcolm X, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Jan Hus. After her are Henry Dunant, Mother Teresa, Helen Keller, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Martin Luther King Jr., and Jean-Paul Marat.

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Among people born in 1871, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 2Before her is Ernest Rutherford. After her are Marcel Proust, Friedrich Ebert, Alexander Scriabin, Karl Liebknecht, Paul Valéry, Guangxu Emperor, Pietro Badoglio, Baroness Mary Vetsera, Grazia Deledda, and Albert Lebrun. Among people deceased in 1919, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernst Haeckel, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Gojong of Korea, Emil Fischer, Karl Liebknecht, Emiliano Zapata, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Carl Larsson, and John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh.

Others Born in 1871

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Others Deceased in 1919

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 7 out of 1,694Before her are Nicolaus Copernicus (1473), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Marie Curie (1867), Pope John Paul II (1920), Arthur Schopenhauer (1788), and Catherine the Great (1729). After her are David Ben-Gurion (1886), Lech Wałęsa (1943), Paul von Hindenburg (1847), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), Manfred von Richthofen (1892), and Günter Grass (1927).


Among social activists born in Poland, Rosa Luxemburg ranks 1After her are Irena Sendler (1910), Ferdinand Lassalle (1825), Mordechai Anielewicz (1919), Jan Karski (1914), Leopold Trepper (1904), Franciszek Gajowniczek (1901), Czesława Kwoka (1943), Ryszard Siwiec (1909), Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836), Franceska Mann (1917), and Danuta Wałęsa (1949).