The Most Famous


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This page contains a list of the greatest Belarusian Social Activists. The pantheon dataset contains 840 Social Activists, 6 of which were born in Belarus. This makes Belarus the birth place of the 23rd most number of Social Activists behind North Korea, and Philippines.

Top 8

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the most legendary Belarusian Social Activists of all time. This list of famous Belarusian Social Activists is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity.

Photo of Alexander Parvus

1. Alexander Parvus (1867 - 1924)

With an HPI of 62.43, Alexander Parvus is the most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages on wikipedia.

Alexander Lvovich Parvus, born Israel Lazarevich Gelfand (8 September 1867 – 12 December 1924) and sometimes called Helphand in the literature on the Russian Revolution, was a Marxist theoretician, publicist, and controversial activist in the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Photo of Abba Kovner

2. Abba Kovner (1918 - 1987)

With an HPI of 57.61, Abba Kovner is the 2nd most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Abba Kovner (Hebrew: אבא קובנר; 14 March 1918 – 25 September 1987) was a Jewish partisan leader, and later Israeli poet and writer. In the Vilna Ghetto, his manifesto was the first time that a target of the Holocaust identified the German plan to murder all Jews. His attempt to organize a ghetto uprising failed. He fled into the forest, joined Soviet partisans, and survived the war. After the war, Kovner led Nakam, a paramilitary organization of Holocaust survivors who sought to take genocidal revenge by murdering six million Germans, but Kovner was arrested in British-occupied Germany before he could successfully carry out his plans. He made aliyah to Mandatory Palestine in 1947, which would become the State of Israel one year later. Considered one of the greatest authors of Modern Hebrew poetry, Kovner was awarded the Israel Prize in 1970.

Photo of Ignacy Hryniewiecki

3. Ignacy Hryniewiecki (1856 - 1881)

With an HPI of 55.50, Ignacy Hryniewiecki is the 3rd most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 15 different languages.

Ignacy Hryniewiecki or Ignaty Ioakhimovich Grinevitsky (Russian: Игнатий Гриневицкий, Polish: Ignacy Hryniewiecki, Belarusian: Ігнат Грынявіцкі; c. 1856 — March 13, 1881) was a Polish member of the Russian revolutionary society Narodnaya Volya. He gained notoriety for participating in the bombing attack to which Tsar Alexander II of Russia succumbed. Hryniewiecki threw the bomb that fatally wounded the Tsar and himself. Having outlived his victim by a few hours, he died the same day. Hryniewiecki and his accomplices believed that the assassination of Alexander II could provoke a political or social revolution to overthrow the tsarist autocracy. Many historians consider the assassination a Pyrrhic victory, since instead of ushering in a revolution, it strengthened the resolve of the state to crush the revolutionary movement, leading to the movement's decline in the 1880s and setting Russia on a revitalized path of Tsarist autocracy which resulted in only incremental reforms after the Revolution of 1905 and, eventually, the Russian Revolution in 1917. Hryniewiecki's role in the assassination has sometimes been cited as the earliest occurrence of suicide terrorism.

Photo of Vasily Ignatenko

4. Vasily Ignatenko (1961 - 1986)

With an HPI of 51.99, Vasily Ignatenko is the 4th most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Vasily Ivanovich Ignatenko (Ukrainian: Василь Іванович Ігнатенко; Belarusian: Васіль Іванавіч Ігнаценка; Russian: Василий Иванович Игнатенко; 13 March 1961 – 13 May 1986) was a Soviet firefighter who was among the first responders to the Chernobyl disaster. He worked as an electrician before being conscripted into the Soviet Armed Forces in 1980, where he completed his two years of service as a military firefighter. Afterwards, he took up employment as a paramilitary firefighter with Fire Brigade No. 6, which was based out of Pripyat. On 26 April 1986, Ignatenko's fire brigade was involved in mitigating the immediate aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster; fighting the fires that broke out following the initial explosion of Reactor 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. While on site, Ignatenko received a high dose of radiation, leading to his death at a radiological hospital in Moscow eighteen days later.

Photo of Tuvia Bielski

5. Tuvia Bielski (1906 - 1987)

With an HPI of 49.51, Tuvia Bielski is the 5th most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  Her biography has been translated into 17 different languages.

Tuvia Bielski (May 8, 1906 – June 12, 1987) was a Belarusian Jewish militant who was leader of the Bielski group, a group of Jewish partisans who set up refugee camps for Jews fleeing the Holocaust during World War II. Their camp was situated in the Naliboki forest, which was part of Poland between World War I and World War II, and which is now in western Belarus.

Photo of Valery Levaneuski

6. Valery Levaneuski (b. 1963)

With an HPI of 36.50, Valery Levaneuski is the 6th most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 17 different languages.

Valery Stanislavovich Levaneuski (Russian: Вале́рий Станисла́вович Левоне́вский, Belarusian: Вале́ры Станісла́вавіч Леване́ўскі, Polish: Walery Lewoniewski) is a Belarusian political and social activist, and former political prisoner. Amnesty International recognizes him as a prisoner of conscience.

Photo of Roman Protasevich

7. Roman Protasevich (b. 1995)

With an HPI of 36.29, Roman Protasevich is the 7th most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  His biography has been translated into 43 different languages.

Roman Dmitriyevich Protasevich or Raman Dzmitryevich Pratasevich (born 5 May 1995) is a Belarusian blogger and political activist. He was the editor-in-chief of the Telegram channel Nexta and chief editor of the Telegram channel "Belarus of the Brain" (Russian: Беларусь головного мозга). Protasevich and Sofia Sapega were arrested by Belarusian authorities after their flight, Ryanair Flight 4978, was diverted to Minsk on the orders of Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko on 23 May 2021, because of a false bomb threat passed on by Belarusian air traffic control. On 3 May 2023, he was sentenced to eight years in prison. However, on 22 May, it was announced that Protasevich had been pardoned.

Photo of Veronika Tsepkalo

8. Veronika Tsepkalo (b. 1976)

With an HPI of 34.76, Veronika Tsepkalo is the 8th most famous Belarusian Social Activist.  Her biography has been translated into 15 different languages.

Veronika Valeryevna Tsepkalo or Veranika Valereuna Tsapkala (Russian: Вероника Валерьевна Цепкало; Belarusian: Вераніка Валер’еўна Цапкала; born 7 September 1976) is a Belarusian political activist.


Pantheon has 8 people classified as Belarusian social activists born between 1856 and 1995. Of these 8, 3 (37.50%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living Belarusian social activists include Valery Levaneuski, Roman Protasevich, and Veronika Tsepkalo. The most famous deceased Belarusian social activists include Alexander Parvus, Abba Kovner, and Ignacy Hryniewiecki. As of April 2024, 2 new Belarusian social activists have been added to Pantheon including Ignacy Hryniewiecki, and Veronika Tsepkalo.

Living Belarusian Social Activists

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Deceased Belarusian Social Activists

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Newly Added Belarusian Social Activists (2024)

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Overlapping Lives

Which Social Activists were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 5 most globally memorable Social Activists since 1700.