497 BC - 406 BC

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Sophocles (c. 497/496 – winter 406/405 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian, known as one of three from whom at least one play has survived in full. His first plays were written later than, or contemporary with, those of Aeschylus; and earlier than, or contemporary with, those of Euripides. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sophocles has received more than 3,296,753 page views. His biography is available in 143 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 137 in 2019). Sophocles is the 13th most popular writer (down from 10th in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Greece and the 2nd most popular Greek Writer.

Sophocles is most famous for writing the three Theban plays: "Oedipus Rex", "Oedipus at Colonus", and "Antigone".

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.01

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 143

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 18.89

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Oedipus Rex
Literary Criticism
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Οἰδίπους Τύραννος (Oidípous Týrannos)
fate, Oedipus (Greek mythology), Free will
Oedipus Rex chronicles the story of Oedipus, a man that becomes the king of Thebes and was always destined from birth to murder his father Laius and marry his mother Jocasta. The play is an example of a classic tragedy, noticeably containing an emphasis on how Oedipus's own faults contribute to the tragic hero's downfall, as opposed to having fate be the sole cause. Over the centuries, Oedipus Rex has come to be regarded by many as the Greek tragedy par excellence.
Drama, Continental european drama (dramatic works by one author), Classical philology
Agamemnon (Greek mythology), Drama, Electra (Greek mythology)
The Oresteia -- Agamemnon, Choephori, and The Eumenides -- depicts the downfall of the house of Atreus: after King Agamemnon is murdered by Clytemnestra, their son, Orestes, is commanded by Apollo to avenge the crime by killing his mother, and he does so, bringing on himself the wrath of the Furies and the judgment of Athens. Together, the three plays are one of the major achievements of Greek antiquity. - Publisher.
Drama, Agamemnon (Greek mythology), Translations into English
The Classical Department produced the play Agamemon, performed in the stadium on June 16 and 19, 1906
Drama, Oedipus (Greek mythology), Translations into English
Prometheus Bound
Classical literature, Drama, Greek Mythology
An ancient Greek tragedy attributed to Aeschylus. The play follows the sufferings of the Titan Prometheus who has been fastened to a rock by Zeus as punishment for giving the knowledge of fire to mankind.


Among writers, Sophocles ranks 13 out of 7,302Before him are J. R. R. Tolkien, Lord Byron, Voltaire, Hans Christian Andersen, Leo Tolstoy, and Victor Hugo. After him are Franz Kafka, Miguel de Cervantes, Jules Verne, Virgil, Albert Camus, and Molière.

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Among people born in 497 BC, Sophocles ranks 1 Among people deceased in 406 BC, Sophocles ranks 1After him are Euripides, Hannibal Mago, Callicratidas, and Thrasyllus.

Others Born in 497 BC

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Others Deceased in 406 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Sophocles ranks 9 out of 1,024Before him are Socrates (-470), Alexander the Great (-356), Pythagoras (-570), Homer (-800), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), and Hippocrates (-460). After him are Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), El Greco (1541), Kösem Sultan (1590), and Saint Stephen (1).

Among WRITERS In Greece

Among writers born in Greece, Sophocles ranks 2Before him are Homer (-800). After him are Euripides (-480), Aristophanes (-448), Aeschylus (-525), Sappho (-630), Menander (-342), Pindar (-517), Nikos Kazantzakis (1883), Alcaeus of Mytilene (-620), Archilochus (-680), and Nâzım Hikmet (1902).