J. R. R. Tolkien

1892 - 1973

Photo of J. R. R. Tolkien

Icon of person J. R. R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (, ROOL TOL-keen; 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer and philologist. He was the author of the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. From 1925 to 1945, Tolkien was the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and a Fellow of Pembroke College, both at the University of Oxford. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of J. R. R. Tolkien has received more than 26,028,879 page views. His biography is available in 152 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 147 in 2019). J. R. R. Tolkien is the 7th most popular writer (down from 6th in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from South Africa and the most popular South African Writer.

J.R.R. Tolkien is most famous for writing the novel "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy.

Memorability Metrics

  • 26M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 87.63

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 152

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 17.47

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.47

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

The Hobbit
Arkenstone, Battle of Five Armies, invisibility
The Hobbit is a tale of high adventure, undertaken by a company of dwarves in search of dragon-guarded gold. A reluctant partner in this perilous quest is Bilbo Baggins, a comfort-loving unambitious hobbit, who surprises even himself by his resourcefulness and skill as a burglar. Encounters with trolls, goblins, dwarves, elves and giant spiders, conversations with the dragon, Smaug, and a rather unwilling presence at the Battle of Five Armies are just some of the adventures that befall Bilbo. Bilbo Baggins has taken his place among the ranks of the immortals of children’s fiction. Written by Professor Tolkien for his own children, The Hobbit met with instant critical acclaim when published.
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings, Fiction, Ficción
Originally published from 1954 through 1956, J.R.R. Tolkien's richly complex series ushered in a new age of epic adventure storytelling. A philologist and illustrator who took inspiration from his work, Tolkien invented the modern heroic quest novel from the ground up, creating not just a world, but a domain, not just a lexicon, but a language, that would spawn countless imitators and lead to the inception of the epic fantasy genre. Today, THE LORD OF THE RINGS is considered "the most influential fantasy novel ever written." (THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FANTASY) During his travels across Middle-earth, the hobbit Bilbo Baggins had found the Ring. But the simple band of gold was far from ordinary; it was in fact the One Ring - the greatest of the ancient Rings of Power. Sauron, the Dark Lord, had infused it with his own evil magic, and when it was lost, he was forced to flee into hiding. But now Sauron's exile has ended and his power is spreading anew, fueled by the knowledge that his treasure has been found. He has gathered all the Great Rings to him, and will stop at nothing to reclaim the One that will complete his dominion. The only way to stop him is to cast the Ruling Ring deep into the Fire-Mountain at the heart of the land of Mordor--Sauron's dark realm. Fate has placed the burden in the hands of Frodo Baggins, Bilbo's heir...and he is resolved to bear it to its end. Or his own. ---------- **Contains** - [The Fellowship of the Ring][1] - [The Two Towers][2] - [The Return of the King][3] [1]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL14933414W/The_Fellowship_of_the_Ring [2]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL27479W/The_Two_Towers [3]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL27516W/The_Return_of_the_King
The Silmarillion
The Return of the King
Elves, Hobbits, The Lord of the Rings
THE RETURN OF THE KING, which brings to a close the great epic of war and adventure begun in The Fellowship of the Ring and continued in The Two Towers, is the third and final part of J. R. R. Tolkien's masterpiece, "The Lord of the Rings." In these three books, which form one continuous narrative, Tolkien created the saga of the Hobbits of Middle-earth and the great War of the Rings. Praised by such writers and poets as W. H. Auden, Richard Hughes and C. S. Lewis, "The Lord of the Rings" - that special world of beauty and terror and meaning - holds a secure place among the books that will live. ---------- **Also contained in:** - [The Lord of the Rings][1] [1]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL27448W/The_Lord_of_the_Rings
The Two Towers
Ents, Orcs, hobbits
Frodo and the Companions of the Ring have been beset by danger during their quest to prevent the Ruling Ring from falling into the hands of the Dark Lord by destroying it in the Cracks of Doom. They have lost the wizard, Gandalf, in the battle with an evil spirit in the Mines of Moria; and at the Falls of Rauros, Boromir, seduced by the power of the Ring, tried to seize it by force. While Frodo and Sam made their escape the rest of the company were attacked by Orcs. Now they continue their journey alone down the great River Anduin – alone, that is, save for the mysterious creeping figure that follows wherever they go. J.R.R. Tolkien’s great work of imaginative fiction has been labelled both a heroic romance and a classic fantasy fiction. By turns comic and homely, epic and diabolic, the narrative moves through countless changes of scene and character in an imaginary world which is totally convincing in its detail. ---------- **Also contained in:** - [The Lord of the Rings][1] [1]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL27448W/The_Lord_of_the_Rings
The Fellowship of the Ring
Elves, Dwarves, evil
The first part of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, Tolkien’s classic epic of Good versus Evil, set in the fictional world of Middle Earth, this book introduces the main characters and sets Frodo the Hobbit and his companions on their quest to return the ring of the evil Sauron to the fires of Mordor. With the help of Gandalf the wizard, the mysterious Strider and his hobbit friends Frodo reaches the land of the elves where they are joined by Legolas the Elf and Gimli the dwarf. ---------- **Also contained in:** - [The Lord of the Rings][1] [1]: https://openlibrary.org/works/OL27448W/The_Lord_of_the_Rings


Among writers, J. R. R. Tolkien ranks 7 out of 7,302Before him are Homer, Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Allan Poe, and Fyodor Dostoevsky. After him are Lord Byron, Voltaire, Hans Christian Andersen, Leo Tolstoy, Victor Hugo, and Sophocles.

Most Popular Writers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1892, J. R. R. Tolkien ranks 1After him are Josip Broz Tito, Francisco Franco, Manfred von Richthofen, Ivo Andrić, Walter Benjamin, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Haile Selassie, Alexander Alekhine, Pearl S. Buck, and Ryūnosuke Akutagawa. Among people deceased in 1973, J. R. R. Tolkien ranks 2Before him is Pablo Picasso. After him are Bruce Lee, David Ben-Gurion, Salvador Allende, Pablo Neruda, Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Erich von Manstein, Lyndon B. Johnson, Fulgencio Batista, Abebe Bikila, and Hans Kelsen.

Others Born in 1892

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1973

Go to all Rankings

In South Africa

Among people born in South Africa, J. R. R. Tolkien ranks 2 out of 454Before him are Nelson Mandela (1918). After him are Elon Musk (1971), Miriam Makeba (1932), Sarah Baartman (1788), J. M. Coetzee (1940), F. W. de Klerk (1936), Nadine Gordimer (1923), Shaka (1787), Desmond Tutu (1931), Christiaan Barnard (1922), and Cyril Ramaphosa (1952).

Among WRITERS In South Africa

Among writers born in South Africa, J. R. R. Tolkien ranks 1After him are J. M. Coetzee (1940), Nadine Gordimer (1923), Peter Abrahams (1919), André Brink (1935), Ronald Harwood (1934), Laurence Oliphant (1829), Laurens van der Post (1906), Breyten Breytenbach (1939), Deon Meyer (1958), Ingrid Jonker (1933), and Alan Paton (1903).