470 BC - 399 BC

Photo of Socrates

Icon of person Socrates

Socrates (; Greek: Σωκράτης; c. 470 – 399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as the founder of Western philosophy and as among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought. An enigmatic figure, Socrates authored no texts and is known mainly through the posthumous accounts of classical writers, particularly his students Plato and Xenophon. These accounts are written as dialogues, in which Socrates and his interlocutors examine a subject in the style of question and answer; they gave rise to the Socratic dialogue literary genre. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Socrates has received more than 17,852,270 page views. His biography is available in 196 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 184 in 2019). Socrates is the 3rd most popular philosopher, the 3rd most popular biography from Greece (up from 4th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Greek Philosopher.

Socrates is most famous for his contribution to the field of philosophy. He is often considered the father of Western philosophy.

Memorability Metrics

  • 18M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 93.30

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 196

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 19.64

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.67

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Socrates ranks 3 out of 1,267Before him are Aristotle, and Plato. After him are Gautama Buddha, Pythagoras, Confucius, René Descartes, Immanuel Kant, Avicenna, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Friedrich Nietzsche.

Most Popular Philosophers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 470 BC, Socrates ranks 1After him are Aspasia, Mozi, Philolaus, Melissus of Samos, Callicrates, Hippocrates of Chios, Achilles Painter, and Teres I. Among people deceased in 399 BC, Socrates ranks 1After him are Hippias, Thrasymachus, Archelaus I of Macedon, and Amyrtaeus.

Others Born in 470 BC

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 399 BC

Go to all Rankings

In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Socrates ranks 3 out of 1,024Before him are Aristotle (-384), and Plato (-427). After him are Alexander the Great (-356), Pythagoras (-570), Homer (-800), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Hippocrates (-460), Sophocles (-497), Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), and Epicurus (-341).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Socrates ranks 3Before him are Aristotle (-384), and Plato (-427). After him are Pythagoras (-570), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), Plutarch (46), Protagoras (-486), Gorgias (-483), Theophrastus (-371), Antisthenes (-445), and Pyrrho (-365).