Guillaume Apollinaire

1880 - 1918

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Guillaume Apollinaire (French: [ɡijom apɔlinɛʁ], born Kostrowicki; 26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist and art critic of Polish descent. Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited with coining the term "Cubism" in 1911 to describe the emerging art movement, the term Orphism in 1912, and the term "Surrealism" in 1917 to describe the works of Erik Satie. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Guillaume Apollinaire has received more than 1,205,640 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Guillaume Apollinaire is the 130th most popular writer (up from 144th in 2019), the 143rd most popular biography from Italy (up from 191st in 2019) and the 10th most popular Italian Writer.

Guillaume Apollinaire is most famous for his "Calligrammes" which is a series of poems that are written in the shape of the object they are describing.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 76

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Notable Works

The cubist painters
Poète assassiné
Guillaume Apollinaire
World War, 1914-1918
Guiilaume Apollinaire, a leading figure amongst the young writers and artists in France until his death in 1918, published 'Alcools', his first book of poems, in 1913. With its wide range of verse forms and contrasting registers of style, 'Alcools' had a considerable influence on Surrealist poetry. The poems provide a splendid example of the lyrical art in which the paradoxes of Apollinaire are held in high poetic tension. The editor's introduction and notes take place in the 20th Century and explain allusion and difficulties in the text.


Among writers, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 130 out of 7,302Before him are Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vladimir Nabokov, Paul Verlaine, François Villon, Alexandre Dumas fils, and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. After him are Plautus, Cato the Elder, Hafez, Samuel Beckett, Günter Grass, and Adam Mickiewicz.

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Among people born in 1880, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 2Before him is Helen Keller. After him are Alfred Wegener, Douglas MacArthur, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Fedor von Bock, Oswald Spengler, Robert Musil, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, George Marshall, Franz Marc, and André Derain. Among people deceased in 1918, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 9Before him are Abdul Hamid II, Gavrilo Princip, Claude Debussy, Manfred von Richthofen, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, and Mehmed V. After him are Egon Schiele, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Georg Cantor, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, Georg Simmel, and Alexandra Feodorovna.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 143 out of 5,161Before him are Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526), Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922), Cardinal Mazarin (1602), Enzo Ferrari (1898), Luca Pacioli (1445), and Adriano Celentano (1938). After him are Pope Pius VIII (1761), Pope Formosus (816), Plautus (-254), Luigi Galvani (1737), Pope Clement VIII (1536), and Marcello Mastroianni (1924).

Among WRITERS In Italy

Among writers born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 10Before him are Ovid (-43), Giovanni Boccaccio (1313), Horace (-65), Giacomo Casanova (1725), Umberto Eco (1932), and Giorgio Vasari (1511). After him are Plautus (-254), Cato the Elder (-243), Carlo Collodi (1826), Catullus (-84), Pliny the Younger (61), and Luigi Pirandello (1867).