Grazia Deledda

1871 - 1936

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Grazia Maria Cosima Damiana Deledda (Italian: [ˈɡrattsja deˈlɛdda]; Sardinian: Gràssia or Gràtzia Deledda [ˈɡɾa(t)si.a ðɛˈlɛɖːa]; 27 September 1871 – 15 August 1936) was an Italian writer who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926 "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island [i.e. Sardinia] and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Grazia Deledda has received more than 276,308 page views. Her biography is available in 98 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 92 in 2019). Grazia Deledda is the 374th most popular writer (up from 468th in 2019), the 493rd most popular biography from Italy (up from 586th in 2019) and the 30th most popular Italian Writer.

Grazia Deledda was a writer from Sardinia who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926. She is most famous for her novel, "The House by the Medlar Tree," which tells the story of a poor woman who struggles to support her family.

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Notable Works

La madre
Elias Portolu
Marianna Sirca
Jan Kozma's translation of Marianna Sirca is the near-literal rendering of a novel written by Grazia Deledda (1871-1936), the celebrated Italian author from Sardinia who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926. Almost all of Deledda's stories treat the lives, loves, tragedies, and triumphs of the author's native land - the remote, isolated, and often forbidding island of Sardinia. This new translation includes an introduction that highlights the salient episodes of Grazia Deledda's life and which situates Marianna Sirca both literarily within the author's opera omnia and as part of the general literary trends of the early European twentieth century. Jan Kozma presents the homonymous protagonist, Marianna Sirca, as one of the great literary precursors of the liberated, independent, modern woman - an ironic twist, given the repressive culture in which Marianna lives. The translator also provides numerous explanatory foot-notes that elucidate particular arcane aspects of Sardinian life in the late nineteenth century. Marianna Sirca is a 30-year-old woman of inherited wealth who lives in Nuoro, Sardinia. Because of her strong will and sense of independence, Marianna is the family "black sheep" - refusing to be married off to a distant relative in a social arrangement of convenience. Instead Marianna becomes involved with Simone Sole, a younger man who was a servant in the Sirca household in his youth and who is now an outlaw - wanted for banditry. Against the will of her entire family, the lovers plan to marry, but at Marianna's insistence only after Simone "gets right with the law." The novel traces the story of these two emarginated lovers through various twists and turns, ending with a typical Deleddan flourish that leaves the reader with a real awareness of Sardinian, social mores, values, attitudes, and tradition.
"Cosima" tells the story of an aspiring writer growing up in Nuoro, Sardinia during the last decades of the nineteenth century when formal education for women was rare and literary careers unheard-of. Based on Deledda's own life, the work describes a young woman's struggle against the dismay and disapproval of her family and friends at her creative ambitions. Yet it also reads like a charming fable with details of family life, rural traditions and wild bandits, and it is as much a novel of memory as of character or action. Deledda's characters are poor country folk driven by some predetermined force. Their loves are tragic, their lives as hard and as rigidly controlled as nature itself in the hills of Sardinia. Deledda creates memorable figures who play out their lives against this backdrop of mountains and bare plains, sheepfolds and vineyards. Shimmering in the distance is the sea and escape - for a few - to the Continent or America. In 1926 Grazia Deledda became the second woman and the second Italian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. She wrote thirty-three novels, including "Reeds in the Wind," and many books of short stories, almost all set on Sardinia. Her work has become well known to English-speaking readers through Martha King's translations for Italica Press.
L' edera


Among writers, Grazia Deledda ranks 374 out of 7,302Before her are Alphonse de Lamartine, Ennius, Octavio Paz, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Tulsidas, and Lucy Maud Montgomery. After her are Enheduanna, Theocritus, Arthur de Gobineau, Julio Cortázar, Georges Bataille, and Sergei Yesenin.

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Among people born in 1871, Grazia Deledda ranks 11Before her are Alexander Scriabin, Karl Liebknecht, Paul Valéry, Guangxu Emperor, Pietro Badoglio, and Baroness Mary Vetsera. After her are Albert Lebrun, Heinrich Mann, Victor Grignard, Lesya Ukrainka, Elena of Montenegro, and Ioannis Metaxas. Among people deceased in 1936, Grazia Deledda ranks 15Before her are Oswald Spengler, Alexander Glazunov, Lev Kamenev, Ferdinand Tönnies, Grigory Zinoviev, and Fuad I of Egypt. After her are Eleftherios Venizelos, Miguel de Unamuno, Albert Fish, Elsa Einstein, G. K. Chesterton, and Premchand.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Grazia Deledda ranks 493 out of 5,161Before her are Rita Levi-Montalcini (1909), Bohemond I of Antioch (1054), Ennius (-239), Antonello da Messina (1430), Lavinia Fontana (1552), and Ornella Muti (1955). After her are Franco Nero (1941), Theocritus (-315), Queen Paola of Belgium (1937), Francesco I Sforza (1401), Berengar I of Italy (850), and Paolo Maldini (1968).

Among WRITERS In Italy

Among writers born in Italy, Grazia Deledda ranks 30Before her are Marcus Terentius Varro (-116), Gabriele D'Annunzio (1863), Ludovico Ariosto (1474), Lorenzo Valla (1407), Christine de Pizan (1365), and Ennius (-239). After her are Theocritus (-315), Cornelius Nepos (-100), Elena Ferrante (1943), Pietro Aretino (1492), Edmondo De Amicis (1846), and Giacomo Leopardi (1798).