1772 - 1801

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Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (2 May 1772 – 25 March 1801), pen name Novalis (German pronunciation: [noˈvaːlɪs]), was a German aristocrat and polymath, who was a poet, novelist, philosopher and mystic. He is regarded as an influential figure of Jena Romanticism. Novalis was born into a minor aristocratic family in Electoral Saxony. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Novalis has received more than 817,616 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Novalis is the 155th most popular writer (up from 161st in 2019), the 120th most popular biography from Germany (up from 131st in 2019) and the 10th most popular German Writer.

Novalis is most famous for his unfinished novel, Heinrich von Ofterdingen.

Memorability Metrics

  • 820k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.17

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.08

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Novalis Werke
Hymnen an die Nacht
Heinrich von Ofterdingen
Henry von Ofterdingen
A strange, ingenious fusion of novel, fairy tale & poem, the most representative work of early German Romanticism.
Novalis Schriften
This first scholarly edition in English of the philosophical writings of Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg), the German Romantic poet, philosopher, and mining engineer, includes two collections of fragments published in 1798, Miscellaneous Observations and Faith and Love, the controversial essay Christendom or Europe, and substantial selections from his unpublished notebooks.


Among writers, Novalis ranks 155 out of 7,302Before him are William Faulkner, Jean Racine, Naguib Mahfouz, Annie Ernaux, Joseph Conrad, and Catullus. After him are Fernando Pessoa, Karen Blixen, John the Evangelist, Terry Pratchett, Georges Simenon, and Lucian.

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Among people born in 1772, Novalis ranks 2Before him is David Ricardo. After him are Charles Fourier, William I of the Netherlands, Friedrich Schlegel, Nachman of Breslov, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Ram Mohan Roy, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, and Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien. Among people deceased in 1801, Novalis ranks 2Before him is Paul I of Russia. After him are Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria, Domenico Cimarosa, Andrea Luchesi, Benedict Arnold, Johann Kaspar Lavater, Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, Murad Bey, Carl Stamitz, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, and Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria.

Others Born in 1772

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Others Deceased in 1801

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Novalis ranks 120 out of 7,253Before him are Nikolaus Otto (1832), Walter Benjamin (1892), Charles the Fat (839), Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742), Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845), and Leni Riefenstahl (1902). After him are Wim Wenders (1945), Augustus II the Strong (1670), Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472), Leopold I of Belgium (1790), Michael Schumacher (1969), and Lothair I (795).

Among WRITERS In Germany

Among writers born in Germany, Novalis ranks 10Before him are Hermann Hesse (1877), Thomas Mann (1875), Heinrich Heine (1797), Bertolt Brecht (1898), Erich Maria Remarque (1898), and Charles Bukowski (1920). After him are Heinrich Böll (1917), Eckhart Tolle (1948), Friedrich Hölderlin (1770), Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729), Jacob Grimm (1785), and Nelly Sachs (1891).