Oswald Spengler

1880 - 1936

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Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (German: [ˈɔsvalt ˈʃpɛŋlɐ]; 29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German polymath whose areas of interest included history, philosophy, mathematics, science, and art, as well as their relation to his organic theory of history. He is best known for his two-volume work The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), published in 1918 and 1922, covering human history. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Oswald Spengler has received more than 1,763,688 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 64 in 2019). Oswald Spengler is the 136th most popular philosopher (down from 128th in 2019), the 192nd most popular biography from Germany (down from 171st in 2019) and the 21st most popular German Philosopher.

Oswald Spengler is most famous for his book "The Decline of the West."

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 65

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.91

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Oswald Spengler ranks 136 out of 1,267Before him are Marsilio Ficino, Friedrich Fröbel, Swami Vivekananda, Isocrates, Zygmunt Bauman, and Baron d'Holbach. After him are Duns Scotus, Martin Buber, Wilhelm Dilthey, Giambattista Vico, Hans Kelsen, and Porphyry.

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Among people born in 1880, Oswald Spengler ranks 7Before him are Helen Keller, Guillaume Apollinaire, Alfred Wegener, Douglas MacArthur, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, and Fedor von Bock. After him are Robert Musil, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, George Marshall, Franz Marc, André Derain, and Ludwig Beck. Among people deceased in 1936, Oswald Spengler ranks 9Before him are Federico García Lorca, Rudyard Kipling, George V, Luigi Pirandello, Antoine Meillet, and Lu Xun. After him are Alexander Glazunov, Lev Kamenev, Ferdinand Tönnies, Grigory Zinoviev, Fuad I of Egypt, and Grazia Deledda.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Oswald Spengler ranks 192 out of 7,253Before him are Baron d'Holbach (1723), Emmy Noether (1882), Augustus III of Poland (1696), Anne of Cleves (1515), Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (955), and Emil Fischer (1852). After him are Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1282), Jacob Grimm (1785), Eduard Buchner (1860), Gottlob Frege (1848), Hermann von Helmholtz (1821), and Max Ernst (1891).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Oswald Spengler ranks 21Before him are Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846), Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776), Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900), Friedrich Fröbel (1782), and Baron d'Holbach (1723). After him are Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), Edith Stein (1891), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), Max Stirner (1806), Max Scheler (1874), and Herbert Marcuse (1898).