Giambattista Vico

1668 - 1744

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Giambattista Vico (born Giovan Battista Vico ; Italian: [ˈviko]; 23 June 1668 – 23 January 1744) was an Italian philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist during the Italian Enlightenment. He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism, finding Cartesian analysis and other types of reductionism impractical to human life, and he was an apologist for classical antiquity and the Renaissance humanities, in addition to being the first expositor of the fundamentals of social science and of semiotics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Giambattista Vico has received more than 803,330 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia. Giambattista Vico is the 140th most popular philosopher (down from 130th in 2019), the 332nd most popular biography from Italy (down from 284th in 2019) and the 15th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Giambattista Vico is most famous for his theory of the cyclical nature of history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 800k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.34

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.90

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Giambattista Vico ranks 140 out of 1,267Before him are Zygmunt Bauman, Baron d'Holbach, Oswald Spengler, Duns Scotus, Martin Buber, and Wilhelm Dilthey. After him are Hans Kelsen, Porphyry, Emanuel Swedenborg, Edith Stein, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Christian Wolff.

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Among people born in 1668, Giambattista Vico ranks 1After him are François Couperin, Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, Herman Boerhaave, Alain-René Lesage, Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, Sultan Husayn, John George IV, Elector of Saxony, Francesco Gasparini, Louis, Prince of Condé, Petr Brandl, and Apostolo Zeno. Among people deceased in 1744, Giambattista Vico ranks 2Before him is Anders Celsius. After him are Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Alexander Pope, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Giuseppe Guarneri, Marie Anne de Mailly, André Campra, Leonardo Leo, John Theophilus Desaguliers, and Antiochus Kantemir.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Giambattista Vico ranks 332 out of 5,161Before him are Pope Eugene I (600), Pope Alexander III (1100), Pope Marinus I (830), Salvatore Riina (1930), Man in the Iron Mask (1640), and Pope Eugene II (780). After him are Antonio da Correggio (1489), Cosimo de' Medici (1389), Pope Agatho (574), Tinto Brass (1933), Lisa del Giocondo (1479), and Pope Sergius III (860).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Giambattista Vico ranks 15Before him are Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Bonaventure (1221), and Marsilio Ficino (1433). After him are Hippasus (-600), Cesare Beccaria (1738), Benedetto Croce (1866), Julius Evola (1898), Marsilius of Padua (1275), and Giorgio Agamben (1942).