Johann Friedrich Herbart

1776 - 1841

Photo of Johann Friedrich Herbart

Icon of person Johann Friedrich Herbart

Johann Friedrich Herbart (German: [ˈhɛʁbaʁt]; 4 May 1776 – 14 August 1841) was a German philosopher, psychologist and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline. Herbart is now remembered amongst the post-Kantian philosophers mostly as making the greatest contrast to Hegel—in particular in relation to aesthetics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Johann Friedrich Herbart has received more than 267,833 page views. His biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 42 in 2019). Johann Friedrich Herbart is the 117th most popular philosopher (up from 118th in 2019), the 156th most popular biography from Germany (down from 152nd in 2019) and the 17th most popular German Philosopher.

Johann Friedrich Herbart is most famous for his law of exercise, which states that learning occurs when the learner is able to make a connection between what they know and what they are learning.

Memorability Metrics

  • 270k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.78

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 44

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 16.91

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.73

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Johann Friedrich Herbart ranks 117 out of 1,267Before him are Gilles Deleuze, Bodhidharma, Antisthenes, William of Ockham, Henri de Saint-Simon, and Pyrrho. After him are Simone Weil, Chanakya, Tommaso Campanella, Mozi, Charles Fourier, and John Venn.

Most Popular Philosophers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1776, Johann Friedrich Herbart ranks 3Before him are Amedeo Avogadro, and E. T. A. Hoffmann. After him are Sophie Germain, John Constable, Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Ioannis Kapodistrias, Caroline of Baden, Şehzade Abdullah, Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary, Johann Wilhelm Ritter, and Barthold Georg Niebuhr. Among people deceased in 1841, Johann Friedrich Herbart ranks 1After him are Nicolas Appert, William Henry Harrison, Mikhail Lermontov, Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Caroline of Baden, Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, Friedrich Sertürner, Johan August Arfwedson, Minh Mạng, and Ferdinando Carulli.

Others Born in 1776

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1841

Go to all Rankings

In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Herbart ranks 156 out of 7,253Before him are Levi Strauss (1829), Pope Joan (null), Eckhart Tolle (1948), Agrippina the Younger (15), Franz von Papen (1879), and Friedrich Hölderlin (1770). After him are Alfred Jodl (1890), Frederick William IV of Prussia (1795), Caroline of Ansbach (1683), Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926), George II of Great Britain (1683), and Pope Damasus II (1000).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Herbart ranks 17Before him are Carl von Clausewitz (1780), Nicholas of Cusa (1401), Walter Benjamin (1892), Meister Eckhart (1260), Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), and Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846). After him are Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900), Friedrich Fröbel (1782), Baron d'Holbach (1723), Oswald Spengler (1880), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), and Edith Stein (1891).