Pliny the Elder

23 - 79

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Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/24 – AD 79), called Pliny the Elder (), was a Roman author, naturalist, natural philosopher, naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and a friend of the emperor Vespasian. He wrote the encyclopedic Naturalis Historia (Natural History), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pliny the Elder has received more than 4,717,037 page views. His biography is available in 89 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 85 in 2019). Pliny the Elder is the 63rd most popular philosopher, the 105th most popular biography from Italy (down from 96th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Pliny the Elder is most famous for his work Naturalis Historia, which is an encyclopedia of knowledge about natural science and history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.88

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 89

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.55

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Pliny the Elder ranks 63 out of 1,267Before him are Zeno of Elea, Mikhail Bakunin, Epictetus, Herbert Spencer, Michel de Montaigne, and Ibn Arabi. After him are Gorgias, Edmund Husserl, Al-Kindi, Antonio Gramsci, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Ludwig Feuerbach.

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Among people born in 23, Pliny the Elder ranks 1After him is Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix. Among people deceased in 79, Pliny the Elder ranks 2Before him is Vespasian. After him are Pope Linus, Aulus Caecina Alienus, and Drusilla.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 105 out of 5,161Before him are Amedeo Modigliani (1884), Domitian (51), Pope Pius III (1439), Pope Gregory VII (1020), Tintoretto (1518), and Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115). After him are Antoninus Pius (86), Pope Pius X (1835), Amedeo Avogadro (1776), Pope Paul III (1468), Ferruccio Lamborghini (1916), and Antonio Gramsci (1891).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 8Before him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Parmenides (-501), Maria Montessori (1870), Empedocles (-490), Lucretius (-94), and Zeno of Elea (-490). After him are Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Bonaventure (1221), and Marsilio Ficino (1433).