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Freeman Dyson

1923 - 2020

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Freeman John Dyson (15 December 1923 – 28 February 2020) was a British-American theoretical physicist and mathematician known for his works in quantum field theory, astrophysics, random matrices, mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, and engineering. He was professor emeritus in the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and a member of the board of sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.Dyson originated several concepts that bear his name, such as Dyson's transform, a fundamental technique in additive number theory, which he developed as part of his proof of Mann's theorem; the Dyson tree, a hypothetical genetically engineered plant capable of growing in a comet; the Dyson series, a perturbative series where each term is represented by Feynman diagrams; the Dyson sphere, a thought experiment that attempts to explain how a space-faring civilization would meet its energy requirements with a hypothetical megastructure that completely encompasses a star and captures a large percentage of its power output; and Dyson's eternal intelligence, a means by which an immortal society of intelligent beings in an open universe could escape the prospect of the heat death of the universe by extending subjective time to infinity while expending only a finite amount of energy. Dyson disagreed with the scientific consensus on climate change. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Freeman Dyson has received more than 2,688,742 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia. Freeman Dyson is the 296th most popular physicist (down from 197th in 2019), the 1,007th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 657th in 2019) and the 38th most popular British Physicist.

Freeman Dyson is a physicist and mathematician who has contributed to a number of fields, including nuclear physics, quantum electrodynamics, solid-state physics, astrophysics, and mathematics. He is most famous for his work in quantum electrodynamics.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.11

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Freeman Dyson ranks 296 out of 717Before him are Ernst Chladni, Makoto Kobayashi, Fritjof Capra, Walter Kohn, William Daniel Phillips, and Yuri Oganessian. After him are Valentin Ceaușescu, Paul-Jacques Curie, Pierre Louis Dulong, Peter Mansfield, William Whewell, and Hélène Langevin-Joliot.

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Among people born in 1923, Freeman Dyson ranks 58Before him are Dev Anand, Aristides Pereira, Queen Anne of Romania, Nizar Qabbani, Stjepan Bobek, and Walter Kohn. After him are Rasul Gamzatov, Shūsaku Endō, Chuck Yeager, Hank Williams, Stig Dagerman, and Bert Trautmann. Among people deceased in 2020, Freeman Dyson ranks 80Before him are Quino, Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Mario J. Molina, Per Olov Enquist, John Saxon, and Honor Blackman. After him are Maj Sjöwall, Chadwick Boseman, John Horton Conway, Chuck Yeager, Manu Dibango, and Jerry Stiller.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Freeman Dyson ranks 1,007 out of 7,765Before him are Joseph Wright of Derby (1734), Honor Blackman (1925), Warren Hastings (1732), Anna Atkins (1799), Thomas Cavendish (1560), and Ida Noddack (1896). After him are Hans Sloane (1660), Robert Hardy (1925), Cozy Powell (1947), Mary Somerville (1780), Paddy Roy Bates (1921), and Van Morrison (1945).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Freeman Dyson ranks 38Before him are Osborne Reynolds (1842), Anthony James Leggett (1938), John Cockcroft (1897), Joseph Swan (1828), Patrick Blackett (1897), and Brian Josephson (1940). After him are Peter Mansfield (1933), William Whewell (1794), Stephen Hales (1677), John Stewart Bell (1928), James Jeans (1877), and William Sturgeon (1783).