Freeman Dyson

1923 - 2020

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Freeman John Dyson (15 December 1923 – 28 February 2020) was a British-American theoretical and mathematical physicist, mathematician, and statistician known for his works in quantum field theory, astrophysics, random matrices, mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, and engineering. He was Professor Emeritus in the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, a member of the Board of Visitors of Ralston College, and a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.Dyson originated several concepts that bear his name, such as Dyson's transform, a fundamental technique in additive number theory, which he developed as part of his proof of Mann's theorem; the Dyson tree, a hypothetical genetically-engineered plant capable of growing in a comet; the Dyson series, a perturbative series where each term is represented by Feynman diagrams; the Dyson sphere, a thought experiment that attempts to explain how a space-faring civilization would meet its energy requirements with a hypothetical megastructure that completely encompasses a star and captures a large percentage of its power output; and Dyson's eternal intelligence, a means by which an immortal society of intelligent beings in an open universe could escape the prospect of the heat death of the universe by extending subjective time to infinity while expending only a finite amount of energy. Dyson disagreed with the establishment scientific position that carbon dioxide (CO2) is a material driver of planetary temperature increases. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Freeman Dyson has received more than 1,925,780 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Freeman Dyson is the 197th most popular physicist (up from 308th in 2019), the 658th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 1,057th in 2019) and the 27th most popular British Physicist.

Freeman Dyson is a physicist and mathematician who has contributed to a number of fields, including nuclear physics, quantum electrodynamics, solid-state physics, astrophysics, and mathematics. He is most famous for his work in quantum electrodynamics.

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  • 3.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Freeman Dyson ranks 197 out of 721. Before him are Richard E. Taylor, Vitaly Ginzburg, John L. Hall, Willis Lamb, Nicolaas Bloembergen, and Melvin Schwartz. After him are Louis Néel, Claude-Louis Navier, Philip Warren Anderson, Abdus Salam, John Vincent Atanasoff, and Isamu Akasaki.

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Among people born in 1923, Freeman Dyson ranks 34Before him are Arvid Carlsson, Lola Flores, Antoni Tàpies, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, and Markus Wolf. After him are Philip Warren Anderson, Morris, Horst Tappert, Bert Trautmann, Linda Christian, and Erland Josephson. Among people deceased in 2020, Freeman Dyson ranks 56Before him are Jerry Stiller, Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Michael Lonsdale, Eduard Limonov, Robert Hossein, and Dana Zátopková. After him are Florian Schneider, Manolis Glezos, Maj Sjöwall, Philip Warren Anderson, Kobe Bryant, and Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Freeman Dyson ranks 658 out of 6,924. Before him are Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover (1771), Patrick White (1912), Robert Carlyle (1961), Emma, Lady Hamilton (1765), James Lovelock (1919), and Jude Law (1972). After him are Gerard Butler (1969), Benjamin Hornigold (1680), Richard Griffiths (1947), John Ambrose Fleming (1849), Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428), and William Tyndale (1494).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Freeman Dyson ranks 27Before him are George Paget Thomson (1892), Edward Victor Appleton (1892), Roger Penrose (1931), William Shockley (1910), David Brewster (1781), and Osborne Reynolds (1842). After him are Joseph Swan (1828), David J. Thouless (1934), John Cockcroft (1897), Anthony James Leggett (1938), Daniel Rutherford (1749), and Nevill Francis Mott (1905).