Murray Gell-Mann

1929 - 2019

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Murray Gell-Mann (; September 15, 1929 – May 24, 2019) was an American theoretical physicist who played a preeminent role in the development of the theory of elementary particles. Gell-Mann introduced the concept of quarks as the fundamental building blocks of the strongly interacting particles, and the renormalization group as a foundational element of quantum field theory and statistical mechanics. He played key roles in developing the concept of chirality in the theory of the weak interactions and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in the strong interactions, which controls the physics of the light mesons. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Murray Gell-Mann has received more than 1,149,154 page views. His biography is available in 82 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 76 in 2019). Murray Gell-Mann is the 223rd most popular physicist (down from 160th in 2019), the 888th most popular biography from United States (down from 672nd in 2019) and the 46th most popular American Physicist.

Murray Gell-Mann is most famous for his contributions to the quark model, which is a model of the building blocks of matter.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.44

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 82

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.62

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Murray Gell-Manns by language

Over the past year Murray Gell-Mann has had the most page views in the with 137,437 views, followed by Spanish (15,366), and Chinese (11,860). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Samoan (1,837.84%), Latin (279.55%), and Hakka (130.11%)


Among physicists, Murray Gell-Mann ranks 223 out of 851Before him are Clifford Shull, Chien-Shiung Wu, Norman Foster Ramsey Jr., Vitaly Ginzburg, John L. Hall, and John Clauser. After him are Sheldon Lee Glashow, Roy J. Glauber, Frederick Reines, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Theodor W. Hänsch, and Edme Mariotte.

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Among people born in 1929, Murray Gell-Mann ranks 56Before him are Christa Wolf, Yevgeny Primakov, Gudrun Burwitz, Karolos Papoulias, Günter Schabowski, and Nikolaus Harnoncourt. After him are Ralf Dahrendorf, James Last, Lennart Johansson, John Cassavetes, Osamu Yamaji, and Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow. Among people deceased in 2019, Murray Gell-Mann ranks 39Before him are Albert Finney, Andrea Camilleri, B. J. Habibie, Manfred Eigen, David J. Thouless, and Claudine Auger. After him are Tony Buzan, Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Giya Kancheli, Lennart Johansson, Franco Columbu, and Raymond Poulidor.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Murray Gell-Mann ranks 888 out of 20,380Before him are John L. Hall (1934), John Clauser (1942), Michelle Obama (1964), Clifford Geertz (1926), Winona Ryder (1971), and Dizzy Gillespie (1917). After him are Carole Lombard (1908), John Holmes (1944), Courteney Cox (1964), Leon Uris (1924), Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. (1888), and William Hanna (1910).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Murray Gell-Mann ranks 46Before him are Jerome Isaac Friedman (1930), Leon Cooper (1930), Clifford Shull (1915), Norman Foster Ramsey Jr. (1915), John L. Hall (1934), and John Clauser (1942). After him are Sheldon Lee Glashow (1932), Roy J. Glauber (1925), Frederick Reines (1918), Burton Richter (1931), Leon M. Lederman (1922), and Henry Way Kendall (1926).