Julian Schwinger

1918 - 1994

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Julian Seymour Schwinger (; February 12, 1918 – July 16, 1994) was a Nobel Prize-winning American theoretical physicist. He is best known for his work on quantum electrodynamics (QED), in particular for developing a relativistically invariant perturbation theory, and for renormalizing QED to one loop order. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Julian Schwinger has received more than 629,711 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Julian Schwinger is the 262nd most popular physicist (down from 244th in 2019), the 1,063rd most popular biography from United States (up from 1,157th in 2019) and the 56th most popular American Physicist.

Julian Schwinger is most famous for his work in quantum electrodynamics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.63

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, Julian Schwinger ranks 262 out of 851Before him are David Brewster, Otto Robert Frisch, Rainer Weiss, Syukuro Manabe, Max Delbrück, and John Hasbrouck Van Vleck. After him are John Cockcroft, Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Daniel Rutherford, John Vincent Atanasoff, Allan MacLeod Cormack, and Andrew Huxley.

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Among people born in 1918, Julian Schwinger ranks 41Before him are Arthur Kornberg, James Tobin, Maurice Druon, Jerome Karle, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, and Yasuhiro Nakasone. After him are Hans Scholl, Patricio Aylwin, Edward B. Lewis, Betty Ford, Birgit Nilsson, and Günther Rall. Among people deceased in 1994, Julian Schwinger ranks 53Before him are Raul Julia, Jessica Tandy, Roland Ratzenberger, Jack Kirby, Matt Busby, and Roberto Eduardo Viola. After him are György Cziffra, Vladimir Ivashko, Chung Il-kwon, Peter Cushing, Ken Noritake, and Jean-Louis Barrault.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Julian Schwinger ranks 1,063 out of 20,380Before him are Frank B. Kellogg (1856), Joyce Carol Oates (1938), Alicia Keys (1981), Nellie Bly (1864), James Jones (1921), and John Hasbrouck Van Vleck (1899). After him are Peggy Guggenheim (1898), L. Frank Baum (1856), Russell Alan Hulse (1950), Philip Zimbardo (1933), Jack Kemp (1935), and Virginia Satir (1916).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Julian Schwinger ranks 56Before him are Burton Richter (1931), Leon M. Lederman (1922), Henry Way Kendall (1926), John Archibald Wheeler (1911), Philip Warren Anderson (1923), and John Hasbrouck Van Vleck (1899). After him are John Vincent Atanasoff (1903), Hugh David Politzer (1949), Steven Chu (1948), George Smoot (1945), William Daniel Phillips (1948), and David Gross (1941).