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Dorothy Hodgkin

1910 - 1994

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Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (née Crowfoot; 12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994) was a Nobel Prize-winning British chemist who advanced the technique of X-ray crystallography to determine the structure of biomolecules, which became essential for structural biology.Among her most influential discoveries are the confirmation of the structure of penicillin as previously surmised by Edward Abraham and Ernst Boris Chain; and the structure of vitamin B12, for which in 1964 she became the third woman to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Hodgkin also elucidated the structure of insulin in 1969 after 35 years of work.Hodgkin used the name "Dorothy Crowfoot" until twelve years after marrying Thomas Lionel Hodgkin, when she began using "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin". Hodgkin is referred to as "Dorothy Hodgkin" by the Royal Society (when referring to its sponsorship of the Dorothy Hodgkin fellowship), and by Somerville College. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Dorothy Hodgkin has received more than 802,159 page views. Her biography is available in 84 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Dorothy Hodgkin is the 66th most popular chemist (down from 63rd in 2019), the 101st most popular biography from Egypt (down from 99th in 2019) and the most popular Egyptian Chemist.

Dorothy Hodgkin is most famous for her work in the field of X-ray crystallography. This is a technique used to determine the three-dimensional structures of molecules.

Memorability Metrics

  • 800k

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  • 65.99

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 84

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.50

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Dorothy Hodgkin ranks 66 out of 509Before her are Kary Mullis, Friedrich Bergius, Irving Langmuir, Tadeusz Reichstein, Adolf Windaus, and Arne Tiselius. After her are John Howard Northrop, Hans Adolf Krebs, Otto Diels, Theodore William Richards, George de Hevesy, and Richard Willstätter.

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Among people born in 1910, Dorothy Hodgkin ranks 19Before her are Walter Schellenberg, Gerda Taro, Ronald Coase, David Niven, Jacques Monod, and Eric Berne. After her are Dominique Pire, Chiang Ching-kuo, Kurt Meyer, William Shockley, Lee Byung-chul, and William Hanna. Among people deceased in 1994, Dorothy Hodgkin ranks 24Before her are Antônio Carlos Jobim, John Wayne Gacy, Paul Feyerabend, Mas Oyama, Guy Debord, and George Peppard. After her are Henry Mancini, Jan Tinbergen, Telly Savalas, Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia, Robert Doisneau, and Vladimir Ivashko.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Dorothy Hodgkin ranks 101 out of 582Before her are Mary of Egypt (344), Teti (-2350), Ramesses VI (-1175), Kamose (-1600), Userkaf (-2600), and Shepseskaf (-2600). After her are Yusuf al-Qaradawi (1926), Djet (-3000), Mohamed ElBaradei (1942), Isma'il Pasha (1830), Cleopatra V of Egypt (-100), and Al-Suyuti (1445).

Among CHEMISTS In Egypt

Among chemists born in Egypt, Dorothy Hodgkin ranks 1After her are Ahmed Zewail (1946).