William Shockley

1910 - 1989

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William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American physicist and inventor. He was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs that included John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of William Shockley has received more than 1,332,433 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 73 in 2019). William Shockley is the 148th most popular physicist (up from 174th in 2019), the 494th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 475th in 2019) and the 24th most popular British Physicist.

William Shockley was most famous for his work in the development of the transistor, which is a device that can be used to amplify or switch electronic signals.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

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  • 72.94

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 76

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.06

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, William Shockley ranks 148 out of 721Before him are Roger Penrose, Ilya Frank, Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron, Frits Zernike, Benjamin Thompson, and Murray Gell-Mann. After him are Hannes Alfvén, Javier Solana, Ratko Janev, Hugh Everett III, Robert H. Goddard, and Heinrich Rohrer.

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Among people born in 1910, William Shockley ranks 23Before him are Kurt Meyer, Gerda Taro, William Hanna, Dorothy Hodgkin, Jacques Monod, and Samuel Barber. After him are Chiang Ching-kuo, Lee Byung-chul, Helenio Herrera, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Nathuram Godse, and Dominique Pire. Among people deceased in 1989, William Shockley ranks 29Before him are Dolores Ibárruri, Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein, Silvana Mangano, Hu Yaobang, Ferdinand Marcos, and John Hicks. After him are John Cassavetes, Hermann Oberth, Daphne du Maurier, Leon Festinger, Emilio Segrè, and Guy Williams.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, William Shockley ranks 494 out of 6,924Before him are Austen Chamberlain (1863), Geoffrey of Monmouth (1090), G. E. Moore (1873), Offa of Mercia (800), Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (1660), and James Bradley (1693). After him are Arthur Balfour (1848), Jerome K. Jerome (1859), Nicholas Winton (1909), Banksy (1970), Benjamin Graham (1894), and Eadwig (940).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, William Shockley ranks 24Before him are C. F. Powell (1903), Henry Moseley (1887), Thomas Young (1773), George Paget Thomson (1892), Edward Victor Appleton (1892), and Roger Penrose (1931). After him are David Brewster (1781), Osborne Reynolds (1842), Freeman Dyson (1923), Joseph Swan (1828), David J. Thouless (1934), and John Cockcroft (1897).