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Dong Zhongshu

179 BC - 104 BC

Photo of Dong Zhongshu

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Dong Zhongshu (Chinese: 董仲舒; Wade–Giles: Tung Chung-shu; 179–104 BC) was a Chinese philosopher, politician, and writer of the Han Dynasty. He is traditionally associated with the promotion of Confucianism as the official ideology of the Chinese imperial state. He apparently favored heaven worship over the tradition of cults celebrating the five elements. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Dong Zhongshu has received more than 120,031 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Dong Zhongshu is the 485th most popular philosopher (down from 460th in 2019), the 349th most popular biography from China (down from 330th in 2019) and the 21st most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Dong Zhongshu is most famous for his "Doctrine of the Mean" which is a Confucian text that is an attempt to reconcile the two major schools of thought in Chinese philosophy, Confucianism and Taoism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 120k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.64

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Dong Zhongshus by language


Among philosophers, Dong Zhongshu ranks 485 out of 1,081Before him are Alasdair MacIntyre, Plutarch of Athens, Ahmad Sirhindi, Zhiyi, Thomas Cajetan, and Agrippa the Skeptic. After him are Philodemus, Karl Löwith, Karl-Otto Apel, William of Champeaux, Martha Nussbaum, and Gaetano Mosca.

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Among people born in 179 BC, Dong Zhongshu ranks 1After him is Sima Xiangru. Among people deceased in 104 BC, Dong Zhongshu ranks 3Before him are Jugurtha and John Hyrcanus. After him is Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus.

Others Born in 179 BC

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Others Deceased in 104 BC

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In China

Among people born in China, Dong Zhongshu ranks 349 out of 1,392Before him are Emperor Zhaozong of Tang (867), Shitao (1642), Mao Anying (1922), Zhiyi (538), Emperor Muzong of Tang (795), and Lu Yu (733). After him are Emperor Shun of Han (115), Fuchai (-550), Yuan Chonghuan (1584), Gao Shun (200), Li Zongren (1890), and Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (810).


Among philosophers born in China, Dong Zhongshu ranks 21Before him are Linji Yixuan (850), Ban Zhao (45), Ge Hong (284), Ouyang Xiu (1007), Su Song (1020), and Zhiyi (538). After him are Liu Bowen (1311), Huiyuan (334), Marpa Lotsawa (1012), Zhou Dunyi (1017), Zhang Daoling (34), and Hu Shih (1891).