Dong Zhongshu

179 BC - 104 BC

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Dong Zhongshu (Chinese: 董仲舒; Wade–Giles: Tung Chung-shu; 179–104 BC) was a Chinese philosopher, politician, and writer of the Han Dynasty. He is traditionally associated with the promotion of Confucianism as the official ideology of the Chinese imperial state. He apparently favored heaven worship over the tradition of cults celebrating the five elements. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Dong Zhongshu has received more than 110,833 page views. His biography is available in 23 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 21 in 2019). Dong Zhongshu is the 460th most popular philosopher (down from 444th in 2019), the 330th most popular biography from China (down from 328th in 2019) and the 19th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Dong Zhongshu is most famous for his "Doctrine of the Mean" which is a Confucian text that is an attempt to reconcile the two major schools of thought in Chinese philosophy, Confucianism and Taoism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 110k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 23

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.38

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Dong Zhongshus by language


Among philosophers, Dong Zhongshu ranks 460 out of 1,089Before him are Francisco Ferrer, James Ussher, Phaedo of Elis, Linji Yixuan, Roger Scruton, and Jean-Luc Nancy. After him are Priscian, Antiochus of Ascalon, Berengar of Tours, Ari Thorgilsson, Plutarch of Athens, and Stein Rokkan.

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Among people born in 179 BC, Dong Zhongshu ranks 1After him is Sima Xiangru. Among people deceased in 104 BC, Dong Zhongshu ranks 3Before him are Jugurtha and John Hyrcanus. After him is Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus.

Others Born in 179 BC

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Others Deceased in 104 BC

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In China

Among people born in China, Dong Zhongshu ranks 330 out of 1,186Before him are Yelü Chucai (1189), Linji Yixuan (850), Dong Biwu (1886), Marquis of Haihun (-92), Ai Weiwei (1957), and Emperor Shun of Han (115). After him are 11th Dalai Lama (1838), Külüg Khan (1281), Xi Zhongxun (1913), Zhao Tuo (-230), Terence Young (1915), and Zhu Youlang (1623).


Among philosophers born in China, Dong Zhongshu ranks 19Before him are Huineng (638), Wang Yangming (1472), Han Yu (768), Guan Zhong (-720), Ban Zhao (45), and Linji Yixuan (850). After him are Su Song (1020), Ouyang Xiu (1007), Ge Hong (284), Huiyuan (334), Hu Shih (1891), and Marpa Lotsawa (1012).