1642 - 1707

Photo of Shitao

Icon of person Shitao

Shitao or Shi Tao (simplified Chinese: 石涛; traditional Chinese: 石濤; pinyin: Shí Tāo; Wade–Giles: Shih-t'ao; other department Yuan Ji (Chinese: 原濟; Chinese: 原济; pinyin: Yuán Jì), 1642–1707), born into the Ming dynasty imperial clan as Zhu Ruoji (朱若極), was Chinese Buddhist monk, calligrapher, and landscape painter during the early Qing Dynasty.Born in the Quanzhou County in Guangxi province, Shitao was a member of the royal house descended from the elder brother of Zhu Yuanzhang. He narrowly avoided catastrophe in 1644 when the Ming Dynasty fell to invading Manchus and civil rebellion. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shitao has received more than 80,953 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 26 in 2019). Shitao is the 383rd most popular painter (up from 412th in 2019), the 294th most popular biography from China (up from 314th in 2019) and the most popular Chinese Painter.

Shitao was most famous for his paintings of landscapes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 81k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.55

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Shitaos by language


Among painters, Shitao ranks 383 out of 1,428Before him are Grant Wood, Palma Vecchio, Karel Appel, Alessandro Allori, Yves Tanguy, and Dosso Dossi. After him are Jan van Scorel, Léon Bonnat, Giovanni Segantini, Mikhail Vrubel, Federico Zuccari, and Maarten van Heemskerck.

Most Popular Painters in Wikipedia

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Among people born in 1642, Shitao ranks 7Before him are Mehmed IV, Suleiman II, Andrea Pozzo, Gülnuş Sultan, Johann Christoph Bach, and Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. After him are André Charles Boulle, Seki Takakazu, Ihara Saikaku, Louis I, Prince of Monaco, Abdul-Qādir Bedil, and Zheng Jing. Among people deceased in 1707, Shitao ranks 7Before him are Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, Dieterich Buxtehude, Aurangzeb, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Ahmad Khani, and Jean Mabillon. After him are Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Christoph Cellarius, Johann Christoph Denner, Jeremiah Clarke, Zheng Keshuang, and Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar.

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Others Deceased in 1707

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In China

Among people born in China, Shitao ranks 294 out of 1,186Before him are Emperor Yingzong of Song (1032), Wang Chong (27), Emperor Ai of Tang (892), Jangsu of Goguryeo (394), Jia Xu (147), and Emperor An of Han (94). After him are Yu Jin (200), Qi Jiguang (1527), Zhu Rongji (1928), Zhong Hui (225), Gong Li (1965), and Wong Kar-wai (1958).

Among PAINTERS In China

Among painters born in China, Shitao ranks 1After him are Qi Baishi (1864), Ma Yuan (1160), Han Gan (706), Guo Xi (1020), Gu Kaizhi (345), Mi Fu (1051), Tang Yin (1470), Wu Daozi (680), Liang Kai (1200), Ni Zan (1301), and Dong Qichang (1555).