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1642 - 1707

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Shitao or Shi Tao (simplified Chinese: 石涛; traditional Chinese: 石濤; pinyin: Shí Tāo; Wade–Giles: Shih-t'ao; other department Yuan Ji (Chinese: 原濟; Chinese: 原济; pinyin: Yuán Jì), 1642 – 1707), born into the Ming dynasty imperial clan as Zhu Ruoji (朱若極), was a Chinese Buddhist monk, calligrapher, and landscape painter during the early Qing dynasty.Born in the Quanzhou County in Guangxi province, Shitao was a member of the royal house descended from the elder brother of Zhu Yuanzhang. He narrowly avoided catastrophe in 1644 when the Ming dynasty fell to invading Manchus and civil rebellion. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shitao has received more than 110,204 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 30 in 2019). Shitao is the 445th most popular painter (down from 382nd in 2019), the 344th most popular biography from China (down from 294th in 2019) and the most popular Chinese Painter.

Shitao was most famous for his paintings of landscapes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 110k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.28

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.90

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.74

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Shitaos by language


Among painters, Shitao ranks 445 out of 1,421Before him are Hubert Robert, Raoul Hausmann, Aelbert Cuyp, Giovanni Boldini, Enrique Simonet, and Matthäus Merian. After him are Edmund Leighton, Jacopo de' Barbari, Mikhail Vrubel, Jean Clouet, Hendrick ter Brugghen, and Karel Appel.

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Among people born in 1642, Shitao ranks 7Before him are Mehmed IV, Suleiman II, Gülnuş Sultan, Andrea Pozzo, Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Johann Christoph Bach. After him are André Charles Boulle, Louis I, Prince of Monaco, Ihara Saikaku, Seki Takakazu, Marie Anne de La Trémoille, princesse des Ursins, and Abdul-Qādir Bedil. Among people deceased in 1707, Shitao ranks 8Before him are Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, Aurangzeb, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Ahmad Khani, Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, and Jean Mabillon. After him are Christoph Cellarius, Johann Patkul, Jeremiah Clarke, Willem van de Velde the Younger, Johann Christoph Denner, and Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar.

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In China

Among people born in China, Shitao ranks 344 out of 1,392Before him are Yoshiko Yamaguchi (1920), Su Song (1020), Zeng Guofan (1811), Ren Zhengfei (1944), Pang De (170), and Emperor Zhaozong of Tang (867). After him are Mao Anying (1922), Zhiyi (538), Emperor Muzong of Tang (795), Lu Yu (733), Dong Zhongshu (-179), and Emperor Shun of Han (115).

Among PAINTERS In China

Among painters born in China, Shitao ranks 1After him are Ma Yuan (1160), Qi Baishi (1864), Gu Kaizhi (345), Guo Xi (1020), Han Gan (706), Mi Fu (1051), Tang Yin (1470), Ni Zan (1301), Dong Qichang (1555), Liang Kai (1200), and Zhang Zeduan (1085).