538 - 597

Photo of Zhiyi

Icon of person Zhiyi

Zhiyi (Chinese: 智顗; pinyin: Zhìyǐ; Wade–Giles: Chih-i; Japanese pronunciation: Chigi; Korean: 지의; 538–597 CE) also Chen De'an (陳德安), is the fourth patriarch of the Tiantai tradition of Buddhism in China. His standard title was Śramaṇa Zhiyi (沙門智顗), linking him to the broad tradition of Indian asceticism. Zhiyi is famous for being the first in the history of Chinese Buddhism to elaborate a complete, critical and systematic classification of the Buddhist teachings. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zhiyi has received more than 129,086 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Zhiyi is the 482nd most popular philosopher (up from 623rd in 2019), the 346th most popular biography from China (up from 475th in 2019) and the 20th most popular Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 130k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.20

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.54

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.40

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Zhiyis by language


Among philosophers, Zhiyi ranks 482 out of 1,081Before him are Rodolphus Agricola, Marcus Cornelius Fronto, Vittorino da Feltre, Alasdair MacIntyre, Plutarch of Athens, and Ahmad Sirhindi. After him are Thomas Cajetan, Agrippa the Skeptic, Dong Zhongshu, Philodemus, Karl Löwith, and Karl-Otto Apel.

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Among people born in 538, Zhiyi ranks 2Before him is Gregory of Tours. After him is Emperor Bidatsu. Among people deceased in 597, Zhiyi ranks 3Before him are Fredegund and Columba. After him are Simeon Stylites the Younger and Ceol of Wessex.

Others Born in 538

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Others Deceased in 597

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In China

Among people born in China, Zhiyi ranks 346 out of 1,392Before him are Zeng Guofan (1811), Ren Zhengfei (1944), Pang De (170), Emperor Zhaozong of Tang (867), Shitao (1642), and Mao Anying (1922). After him are Emperor Muzong of Tang (795), Lu Yu (733), Dong Zhongshu (-179), Emperor Shun of Han (115), Fuchai (-550), and Yuan Chonghuan (1584).


Among philosophers born in China, Zhiyi ranks 20Before him are Han Yu (768), Linji Yixuan (850), Ban Zhao (45), Ge Hong (284), Ouyang Xiu (1007), and Su Song (1020). After him are Dong Zhongshu (-179), Liu Bowen (1311), Huiyuan (334), Marpa Lotsawa (1012), Zhou Dunyi (1017), and Zhang Daoling (34).