334 - 416

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Huiyuan (Chinese: 慧遠; Wade–Giles: Hui-yüan; 334–416 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist teacher who founded Donglin Temple on Mount Lushan in Jiangxi province and wrote the text On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings in 404 AD. He was born in Shanxi province but after a long life of Buddhist teaching he wound up in Jiangxi province, where he died in 416. Although he was born in the north, he moved south to live within the bounds of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Huiyuan was posthumously named First Patriarch of the Pure Land School of Buddhism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Huiyuan has received more than 5,102 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Huiyuan is the 529th most popular philosopher (down from 516th in 2019), the 404th most popular biography from China (down from 386th in 2019) and the 23rd most popular Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.76

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.49

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Huiyuans by language


Among philosophers, Huiyuan ranks 529 out of 1,081Before him are Saul Kripke, Carl Stumpf, Arthur Danto, Gorakhnath, Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri, and Hegesias of Cyrene. After him are Al-Shahrastani, Al-Baydawi, Dharmakirti, Cesare Ripa, Chaïm Perelman, and Crates of Mallus.

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Among people born in 334, Huiyuan ranks 2Before him is Pope Siricius. After him are Virius Nicomachus Flavianus and Sabbas the Goth. Among people deceased in 416, Huiyuan ranks 1

Others Born in 334

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Others Deceased in 416

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In China

Among people born in China, Huiyuan ranks 404 out of 1,392Before him are Qiu Jin (1875), Zhao Mengfu (1254), Sima Xiangru (-179), Princess Wencheng (628), Du Mu (803), and Gegeen Khan (1302). After him are Wen Tianxiang (1236), Han Gan (706), Zhuge Jin (174), Daniel C. Tsui (1939), Mi Fu (1051), and J. G. Ballard (1930).


Among philosophers born in China, Huiyuan ranks 23Before him are Ge Hong (284), Ouyang Xiu (1007), Su Song (1020), Zhiyi (538), Dong Zhongshu (-179), and Liu Bowen (1311). After him are Marpa Lotsawa (1012), Zhou Dunyi (1017), Zhang Daoling (34), Hu Shih (1891), Shen Buhai (-385), and Cheng Yi (1033).