334 - 416

Photo of Huiyuan

Icon of person Huiyuan

Huiyuan (Chinese: 慧遠; Wade–Giles: Hui-yüan; 334–416 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist teacher who founded Donglin Temple on Mount Lushan in Jiangxi province and wrote the text On Why Monks Do Not Bow Down Before Kings in 404 AD. He was born in Shanxi province but after a long life of Buddhist teaching he wound up in Jiangxi province, where he died in 416. Although he was born in the north, he moved south to live within the bounds of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Huiyuan was posthumously named First Patriarch of the Pure Land School of Buddhism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Huiyuan has received more than 4,882 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 19 in 2019). Huiyuan is the 516th most popular philosopher (up from 564th in 2019), the 386th most popular biography from China and the 23rd most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.9k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.84

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.99

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Huiyuans by language


Among philosophers, Huiyuan ranks 516 out of 1,089Before him are Jonathan Edwards, Harriet Taylor Mill, Pietro d'Abano, Crates of Mallus, Ludwig Büchner, and Murray Bookchin. After him are Thomas Nagel, Themistius, Mary Parker Follett, Buddhaghosa, Yang Zhu, and Ravidas.

Most Popular Philosophers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 334, Huiyuan ranks 2Before him is Pope Siricius. After him is Sabbas the Goth. Among people deceased in 416, Huiyuan ranks 1

Others Born in 334

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 416

Go to all Rankings

In China

Among people born in China, Huiyuan ranks 386 out of 1,186Before him are Ge Hong (284), Wei Qing (-150), Langdarma (803), Qiu Chuji (1148), 7th Dalai Lama (1708), and 10th Dalai Lama (1816). After him are Gu Kaizhi (345), Emperor Jingzong of Tang (809), Ba Jin (1904), Emperor Huai of Jin (300), Li Qingzhao (1084), and Daniel C. Tsui (1939).


Among philosophers born in China, Huiyuan ranks 23Before him are Ban Zhao (45), Linji Yixuan (850), Dong Zhongshu (-179), Su Song (1020), Ouyang Xiu (1007), and Ge Hong (284). After him are Hu Shih (1891), Marpa Lotsawa (1012), Zhang Daoling (34), Zhou Dunyi (1017), Zhiyi (538), and Yang Xiong (-53).