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Linji Yixuan

850 - 866

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Linji Yixuan (traditional Chinese: 臨濟義玄; simplified Chinese: 临济义玄; pinyin: Línjì Yìxuán; Wade–Giles: Lin-chi I-hsüan; Japanese: 臨済義玄 Rinzai Gigen; died 866 CE) was the founder of the Linji school of Chán Buddhism during Tang dynasty China. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Linji Yixuan has received more than 196,480 page views. His biography is available in 21 different languages on Wikipedia. Linji Yixuan is the 412th most popular philosopher (up from 457th in 2019), the 280th most popular biography from China (up from 325th in 2019) and the 15th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Linji Yixuan is most famous for his teachings on the "Four Great Vows." He believed that the Buddha's teachings were not enough for people to achieve enlightenment. Linji Yixuan believed that people needed to make vows to themselves in order to overcome their own delusions. The Four Great Vows are: to be born as a human being, to become a Buddha, to liberate all beings, and to acquire the wisdom of the Buddha.

Memorability Metrics

  • 200k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.67

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 21

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Linji Yixuans by language


Among philosophers, Linji Yixuan ranks 412 out of 1,081Before him are Jyotirao Phule, Ágnes Heller, Étienne Cabet, Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, Paul Grice, and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. After him are Ban Zhao, Boetius of Dacia, Alain de Lille, Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Bernard of Chartres, and Ernest Gellner.

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Among people born in 850, Linji Yixuan ranks 13Before him are Ingólfr Arnarson, Pope Stephen VII, Pope Stephen VI, Pope Romanus, Pope Stephen V, and Istakhri. After him are Abu Zayd al-Balkhi, Emperor Seiwa, Vladimir of Bulgaria, Bruno, Duke of Saxony, Branimir of Croatia, and Adelaide of Paris. Among people deceased in 866, Linji Yixuan ranks 3Before him are Al-Kindi and Robert the Strong. After him are Liudolf, Duke of Saxony, Ordoño I of Asturias, Bardas, Charles the Child, Al-Musta'in, Eberhard of Friuli, and Ranulf I of Aquitaine.

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In China

Among people born in China, Linji Yixuan ranks 280 out of 1,392Before him are Cao Ren (168), Emperor Gong of Song (1271), Empress Dowager Ci'an (1837), Ma Teng (156), Jacques Mayol (1927), and Yoshiko Kawashima (1907). After him are Chen Duxiu (1879), Sima Guang (1019), Ban Zhao (45), Emperor Zhang of Han (57), Meng Huo (101), and Ei-ichi Negishi (1935).


Among philosophers born in China, Linji Yixuan ranks 15Before him are Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), Shen Kuo (1031), Wang Yangming (1472), Guan Zhong (-720), and Han Yu (768). After him are Ban Zhao (45), Ge Hong (284), Ouyang Xiu (1007), Su Song (1020), Zhiyi (538), and Dong Zhongshu (-179).