Bruno Bettelheim

1903 - 1990

Photo of Bruno Bettelheim

Icon of person Bruno Bettelheim

Bruno Bettelheim (August 28, 1903 – March 13, 1990) was an Austrian-born psychologist, scholar, public intellectual and writer who spent most of his academic and clinical career in the United States. An early writer on autism, Bettelheim's work focused on the education of emotionally disturbed children, as well as Freudian psychology more generally. In the U.S., he later gained a position as professor at the University of Chicago and director of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School for Disturbed Children, and after 1973 taught at Stanford University.Bettelheim's ideas, which grew out of those of Sigmund Freud, theorized that children with behavioral and emotional disorders were not born that way, and could be treated through extended psychoanalytic therapy, treatment that rejected the use of psychotropic drugs and shock therapy. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Bruno Bettelheim has received more than 542,720 page views. His biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia. Bruno Bettelheim is the 65th most popular psychologist (down from 56th in 2019), the 191st most popular biography from Austria (down from 176th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Austrian Psychologist.

Bruno Bettelheim was a German-born American psychoanalyst and writer who was most famous for his work with children who had been traumatized by the Holocaust.

Memorability Metrics

  • 540k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.34

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.82

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.18

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Bruno Bettelheims by language


Among psychologists, Bruno Bettelheim ranks 65 out of 182Before him are Ernst Kretschmer, Ernst Heinrich Weber, Margaret Mahler, Pierre Janet, Roger Wolcott Sperry, and Martin Seligman. After him are Timothy Leary, G. Stanley Hall, Nise da Silveira, Otto Rank, Edward B. Titchener, and David Wechsler.

Most Popular Psychologists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1903, Bruno Bettelheim ranks 44Before him are Fahri Korutürk, Igor Kurchatov, Matthias Sindelar, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Claudio Arrau, and Eliot Ness. After him are Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark, Julius Fučík, John Vincent Atanasoff, Empress Kōjun, Andrei Grechko, and Lars Onsager. Among people deceased in 1990, Bruno Bettelheim ranks 24Before him are Ilya Frank, Lê Đức Thọ, Boris Shcherbina, Miguel Muñoz, Tunku Abdul Rahman, and Keith Haring. After him are Patrick White, Barbara Stanwyck, Sandro Pertini, Robert Hofstadter, Jacques Demy, and Robert Noyce.

Others Born in 1903

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1990

Go to all Rankings

In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Bruno Bettelheim ranks 191 out of 1,075Before him are Franz Grillparzer (1791), Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este (1754), Maria Schell (1926), Archduke Ernest of Austria (1553), Maria Anna of Austria (1683), and Klaus Maria Brandauer (1943). After him are Leopold I, Duke of Austria (1290), Ferdinand II of Portugal (1816), Ludwig Minkus (1826), Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein (1853), Ingeborg Bachmann (1926), and Eduard Strauss (1835).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Bruno Bettelheim ranks 6Before him are Alfred Adler (1870), Viktor Frankl (1905), Anna Freud (1895), Wilhelm Reich (1897), and Melanie Klein (1882). After him are Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), Otto Gross (1877), René Spitz (1887), Heinz Kohut (1913), and Fritz Heider (1896).