Mary Ainsworth

1913 - 1999

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Mary Dinsmore Ainsworth (; née Salter; December 1, 1913 – March 21, 1999) was an American-Canadian developmental psychologist known for her work in the development of the attachment theory. She designed the strange situation procedure to observe early emotional attachment between a child and its primary caregiver. A 2002 Review of General Psychology survey ranked Ainsworth as the 97th most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mary Ainsworth has received more than 433,317 page views. Her biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Mary Ainsworth is the 72nd most popular psychologist (up from 80th in 2019), the 1,070th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,370th in 2019) and the 26th most popular American Psychologist.

Mary Ainsworth is most famous for her work on attachment theory. Attachment theory is the idea that the type of attachment a child has with their caregiver will have an effect on their future relationships.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

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  • 70.36

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, Mary Ainsworth ranks 72 out of 182Before her are Timothy Leary, G. Stanley Hall, Nise da Silveira, Otto Rank, Edward B. Titchener, and David Wechsler. After her are Paul Watzlawick, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Stanislav Grof, William Stern, Karl Abraham, and George Armitage Miller.

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Among people born in 1913, Mary Ainsworth ranks 49Before her are Masanobu Fukuoka, Charles Trenet, Aimé Césaire, Irwin Shaw, Peter Cushing, and Vinicius de Moraes. After her are Gert Fröbe, Paul Grice, Witold Lutosławski, Jacobo Árbenz, Mark Felt, and Roger Caillois. Among people deceased in 1999, Mary Ainsworth ranks 34Before her are Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani, Anatoliy Solovianenko, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Nise da Silveira, Hélder Câmara, and Trygve Haavelmo. After her are George C. Scott, Nathalie Sarraute, Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, Gerhard Herzberg, Henri, Count of Paris, and Henry Way Kendall.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Mary Ainsworth ranks 1,070 out of 15,968Before her are Danny Aiello (1933), R. Lee Ermey (1944), Liliʻuokalani (1838), Adam West (1928), John Denver (1943), and Yonatan Netanyahu (1946). After her are Calamity Jane (1852), Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794), Richard Thaler (1945), Bernard Herrmann (1911), Peggy Guggenheim (1898), and Richard Dreyfuss (1947).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, Mary Ainsworth ranks 26Before her are Stanley Milgram (1933), Edward C. Tolman (1886), Roger Wolcott Sperry (1913), Martin Seligman (1942), Timothy Leary (1920), and G. Stanley Hall (1846). After her are George Armitage Miller (1920), Frederick Herzberg (1923), David McClelland (1917), Clark L. Hull (1884), Walter Bradford Cannon (1871), and Rollo May (1909).