Melanie Klein

1882 - 1960

Photo of Melanie Klein

Icon of person Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein (née Reizes; 30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British author and psychoanalyst known for her work in child analysis. She was the primary figure in the development of object relations theory. Klein suggested that pre-verbal existential anxiety in infancy catalyzed the formation of the unconscious, resulting in the unconscious splitting of the world into good and bad idealizations. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Melanie Klein has received more than 559,459 page views. Her biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Melanie Klein is the 24th most popular psychologist (down from 23rd in 2019), the 80th most popular biography from Austria (down from 79th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Austrian Psychologist.

Melanie Klein is most famous for her idea of the “paranoid-schizoid position” and the “depressive position.” She believed that children go through these two positions during the course of their development. In the paranoid-schizoid position, the child has a tendency to see the world as all-powerful and all-good or all-powerful and all-bad. In the depressive position, the child has a more realistic view of the world.

Memorability Metrics

  • 560k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.16

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.62

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Melanie Kleins by language


Among psychologists, Melanie Klein ranks 24 out of 182Before her are Albert Bandura, Edward Thorndike, Kurt Lewin, B. F. Skinner, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Wilhelm Reich. After her are Daniel Kahneman, Gustav Fechner, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Irvin D. Yalom, Alfred Binet, and Hans Eysenck.

Most Popular Psychologists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1882, Melanie Klein ranks 18Before her are Edward Hopper, Emmy Noether, Max Born, Lili Elbe, Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, and Kurt von Schleicher. After her are Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Mohammad Mosaddegh, Abdullah I of Jordan, Umberto Boccioni, Abd el-Krim, and James Franck. Among people deceased in 1960, Melanie Klein ranks 6Before her are Albert Camus, Boris Pasternak, Clark Gable, Erich Raeder, and Albert Kesselring. After her are Max von Laue, Wilhelm Pieck, Walther Funk, Paula Hitler, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, and Fausto Coppi.

Others Born in 1882

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1960

Go to all Rankings

In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 80 out of 1,075Before her are Carl Czerny (1791), Peter Drucker (1909), Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (1861), Wilhelm Reich (1897), Otto Wagner (1841), and Pope Gregory V (972). After her are Maria Anna Mozart (1751), Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (1833), Josef Breuer (1842), Archduchess Gisela of Austria (1856), Geli Raubal (1908), and Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France (1554).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 5Before her are Alfred Adler (1870), Viktor Frankl (1905), Anna Freud (1895), and Wilhelm Reich (1897). After her are Bruno Bettelheim (1903), Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), Otto Gross (1877), René Spitz (1887), Heinz Kohut (1913), and Fritz Heider (1896).