Melanie Klein

1882 - 1960

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Melanie Klein (née Reizes; 30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British author and psychoanalyst known for her work in child analysis. She was the primary figure in the development of object relations theory. Klein suggested that pre-verbal existential anxiety in infancy catalyzed the formation of the unconscious, resulting in the unconscious splitting of the world into good and bad idealizations. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Melanie Klein has received more than 627,246 page views. Her biography is available in 43 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 42 in 2019). Melanie Klein is the 21st most popular psychologist (up from 24th in 2019), the 70th most popular biography from Austria (up from 80th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Psychologist.

Melanie Klein is most famous for her idea of the “paranoid-schizoid position” and the “depressive position.” She believed that children go through these two positions during the course of their development. In the paranoid-schizoid position, the child has a tendency to see the world as all-powerful and all-good or all-powerful and all-bad. In the depressive position, the child has a more realistic view of the world.

Memorability Metrics

  • 630k

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  • 70.95

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 43

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.21

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.05

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, Melanie Klein ranks 21 out of 183Before her are Gustave Le Bon, Albert Bandura, John B. Watson, Kurt Lewin, B. F. Skinner, and Edward Thorndike. After her are Anna Freud, Daniel Kahneman, Wilhelm Reich, Irvin D. Yalom, Alfred Binet, and Lawrence Kohlberg.

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Among people born in 1882, Melanie Klein ranks 16Before her are Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, Georgi Dimitrov, Max Born, Ion Antonescu, Emmy Noether, and Günther von Kluge. After her are Kurt von Schleicher, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Umberto Boccioni, Edward Hopper, Abd el-Krim, and Abdullah I of Jordan. Among people deceased in 1960, Melanie Klein ranks 5Before her are Albert Camus, Boris Pasternak, Clark Gable, and Erich Raeder. After her are Albert Kesselring, Wilhelm Pieck, Max von Laue, Amanullah Khan, Walther Funk, Paula Hitler, and Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 70 out of 1,237Before her are Josef Bican (1913), Fritz Lang (1890), Billy Wilder (1906), Carl Czerny (1791), Martin Buber (1878), and Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (1833). After her are Pope Gregory V (972), Maria Anna Mozart (1751), Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (1861), Anna Freud (1895), Oskar Kokoschka (1886), and Alban Berg (1885).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 3Before her are Alfred Adler (1870) and Viktor Frankl (1905). After her are Anna Freud (1895), Bruno Bettelheim (1903), Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), René Spitz (1887), Otto Gross (1877), Heinz Kohut (1913), Walter Mischel (1930), and Fritz Heider (1896).