Otto Gross

1877 - 1920

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Otto Hans Adolf Gross (17 March 1877 – 13 February 1920) was an Austrian psychoanalyst. A maverick early disciple of Sigmund Freud, he later became an anarchist and joined the utopian Ascona community. His father Hans Gross was a judge turned pioneering criminologist. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Otto Gross has received more than 254,623 page views. His biography is available in 19 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 17 in 2019). Otto Gross is the 102nd most popular psychologist (down from 89th in 2019), the 350th most popular biography from Austria (down from 293rd in 2019) and the 9th most popular Psychologist.

Otto Gross was a psychoanalyst who believed that sexual desire was the root of all human behavior. He saw sexual desire as a natural, healthy, and necessary part of life.

Memorability Metrics

  • 250k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.29

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 19

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.75

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, Otto Gross ranks 102 out of 183Before him are John Money, René Spitz, Benjamin Spock, Michael Balint, Urie Bronfenbrenner, and Théodule-Armand Ribot. After him are Hugo Münsterberg, Clark L. Hull, Heinz Kohut, Rudolf Arnheim, Édouard Claparède, and Marie-Louise von Franz.

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Among people born in 1877, Otto Gross ranks 37Before him are Enrico De Nicola, Alfred Kubin, Rudolf Hilferding, Ulrich Salchow, Mykola Leontovych, and Emil Abderhalden. After him are Henry Norris Russell, Isabelle Eberhardt, Ananda Coomaraswamy, Alben W. Barkley, Endre Ady, and James Jeans. Among people deceased in 1920, Otto Gross ranks 28Before him are Benito Pérez Galdós, Eleanor H. Porter, Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Venustiano Carranza, Max Klinger, and Essad Pasha Toptani. After him are Abraham Kuyper, Lothar von Trotha, Prince Joachim of Prussia, Vladimir Purishkevich, Fatali Khan Khoyski, and Mikhail Eisenstein.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Otto Gross ranks 350 out of 1,237Before him are René Spitz (1887), Martin Karplus (1930), Carl Auer von Welsbach (1858), Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria (1870), Erich Kleiber (1890), and Eva Schloss (1929). After him are André Gorz (1923), Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia (1204), Emilie Louise Flöge (1874), Leopold Berchtold (1863), Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein (1869), and Archduchess Adelheid of Austria (1914).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Otto Gross ranks 9Before him are Melanie Klein (1882), Anna Freud (1895), Bruno Bettelheim (1903), Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), and René Spitz (1887). After him are Heinz Kohut (1913), Walter Mischel (1930), Fritz Heider (1896), Emma Eckstein (1865), and Karl H. Pribram (1919).