A. J. Ayer

1910 - 1989

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Sir Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer (; 29 October 1910 – 27 June 1989), usually cited as A. J. Ayer, was an English philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956). He was educated at Eton College and the University of Oxford, after which he studied the philosophy of logical positivism at the University of Vienna. From 1933 to 1940 he lectured on philosophy at Christ Church, Oxford.During the Second World War Ayer was a Special Operations Executive and MI6 agent.He was Grote Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at University College London from 1946 until 1959, after which he returned to Oxford to become Wykeham Professor of Logic at New College. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of A. J. Ayer has received more than 563,542 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). A. J. Ayer is the 508th most popular philosopher (down from 488th in 2019), the 1,070th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 1,021st in 2019) and the 31st most popular Philosopher.

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  • 560k

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, A. J. Ayer ranks 508 out of 1,081Before him are Theodorus the Atheist, Kenneth Waltz, Thomas Nagel, Axel Honneth, Tom Regan, and Bion of Borysthenes. After him are Hasdai Crescas, Murray Bookchin, Hans Vaihinger, Zeno of Sidon, Harriet Taylor Mill, and Victor Cousin.

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Among people born in 1910, A. J. Ayer ranks 64Before him are Pavel Batitsky, Sergey Gorshkov, Edda Mussolini, Said bin Taimur, Francisco Varallo, and Karel Zeman. After him are Aladár Gerevich, Luise Rainer, Kim Yong-sik, Tancredo Neves, Maurice Papon, and Chico Xavier. Among people deceased in 1989, A. J. Ayer ranks 63Before him are Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz, Carlos Arias Navarro, Charles J. Pedersen, Luis Carlos Galán, Rashid Behbudov, and Karel Zeman. After him are Barbara W. Tuchman, Minoru Genda, Franklin J. Schaffner, Leonardo Sciascia, Werner Best, and Bernard Blier.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, A. J. Ayer ranks 1,070 out of 7,765Before him are Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin (1900), Ross Brawn (1954), Michael Nyman (1944), Alice Bailey (1880), Henry Royce (1863), and PJ Harvey (1969). After him are William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (1520), Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (1868), Mary de Bohun (1369), Inigo Jones (1573), Unity Mitford (1914), and Shirley Bassey (1937).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In United Kingdom

Among philosophers born in United Kingdom, A. J. Ayer ranks 31Before him are Francis Hutcheson (1694), Paul Grice (1913), Alan Watts (1915), Adam Ferguson (1723), Roger Scruton (1944), and Alasdair MacIntyre (1929). After him are Harriet Taylor Mill (1807), Antony Flew (1923), Thomas Reid (1710), Alexander of Hales (1175), John Austin (1790), and David Hartley (1705).