Zhang Xueliang

1901 - 2001

Photo of Zhang Xueliang

Icon of person Zhang Xueliang

Chang Hsüeh-liang (Chinese: 張學良, 3 June 1901 – 15 October 2001), also romanized as Zhang Xueliang, nicknamed the "Young Marshal" (少帥), known in his later life as Peter H. L. Chang, was the effective ruler of Northeast China and much of northern China after the assassination of his father, Zhang Zuolin (the "Old Marshal"), by the Japanese on 4 June 1928. He was an instigator of the 1936 Xi'an Incident, in which Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of China's ruling party, was arrested in order to force him to enter into a truce with the insurgent Chinese Communist Party and form a united front against Japan, which had occupied Manchuria. Chiang agreed, but when he had an opportunity, he seized Chang, who then spent over 50 years under house arrest, first in mainland China and then in Taiwan. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zhang Xueliang has received more than 552,972 page views. His biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 26 in 2019). Zhang Xueliang is the 2,899th most popular politician (down from 2,895th in 2019), the 218th most popular biography from China (up from 231st in 2019) and the 141st most popular Politician.

Zhang Xueliang was most famous for the Xi'an Incident, when he and his troops captured the city of Xi'an from Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist government.

Memorability Metrics

  • 550k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.59

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Zhang Xueliangs by language


Among politicians, Zhang Xueliang ranks 2,899 out of 15,577Before him are Bolesław Bierut, Đurađ Branković, Reccared I, Prajadhipok, Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, and Richard Baer. After him are Külüg Khan, 3rd Dalai Lama, Henry of Bohemia, Psamtik II, Louis II of Anjou, and Ahmad al-Mansur.

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Among people born in 1901, Zhang Xueliang ranks 50Before him are Alfred Tarski, Jaroslav Seifert, Louis Kahn, Henri Lefebvre, José Nasazzi, and Lee Strasberg. After him are Eisaku Satō, Itzhak Stern, Charles Brenton Huggins, Alice Prin, Walter Hallstein, and José Leandro Andrade. Among people deceased in 2001, Zhang Xueliang ranks 30Before him are Balthus, John Lee Hooker, Dương Văn Minh, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Douglas Adams, and Nikolay Basov. After him are Gilbert Bécaud, Clifford Shull, Charles Trenet, Juan Antonio Villacañas, Morris, and Stanley Kramer.

Others Born in 1901

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Others Deceased in 2001

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In China

Among people born in China, Zhang Xueliang ranks 218 out of 1,392Before him are Benedict Anderson (1936), Lu Xun (183), Lin Zexu (1785), Emperor Zhao of Han (-94), Wang Xizhi (303), and Emperor Qinzong (1100). After him are Külüg Khan (1281), 3rd Dalai Lama (1543), Wei Yan (200), Ching Shih (1775), Abaoji (872), and Wang Yangming (1472).


Among politicians born in China, Zhang Xueliang ranks 141Before him are Emperor Qianshao of Han (-150), Lu Xun (183), Lin Zexu (1785), Emperor Zhao of Han (-94), Wang Xizhi (303), and Emperor Qinzong (1100). After him are Külüg Khan (1281), 3rd Dalai Lama (1543), Wei Yan (200), Abaoji (872), Zhang Zuolin (1875), and Emperor Yuan of Han (-75).