470 BC - 399 BC

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Socrates (; Ancient Greek: Σωκράτης Sōkrátēs [sɔːkrátɛːs]; c. 470 – 399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher of the Western ethical tradition of thought. An enigmatic figure, he authored no texts, and is known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers composing after his lifetime, particularly his students Plato and Xenophon. Other sources include the contemporaneous Antisthenes, Aristippus, and Aeschines of Sphettos. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Socrates has received more than 11,721,279 page views. His biography is available in 180 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 174 in 2019). Socrates is the 3rd most popular philosopher, the 4th most popular biography from Greece and the 3rd most popular Greek Philosopher.

Socrates is most famous for his contribution to the field of philosophy. He is often considered the father of Western philosophy.

Memorability Metrics

  • 12M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 95.16

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 180

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 16.88

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Socrates ranks 3 out of 1,089Before him are Aristotle and Plato. After him are Confucius, Gautama Buddha, Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Avicenna, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Friedrich Nietzsche, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Augustine of Hippo.

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Among people born in 470 BC, Socrates ranks 1After him are Aspasia, Mozi, Philolaus, Melissus of Samos, Callicrates, Hippocrates of Chios, Achilles Painter, and Teres I. Among people deceased in 399 BC, Socrates ranks 1After him are Hippias, Thrasymachus, Archelaus I of Macedon, and Amyrtaeus.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Socrates ranks 4 out of 855Before him are Alexander the Great (-356), Aristotle (-384), and Plato (-427). After him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Hippocrates (-460), Pythagoras (-570), Spartacus (-109), Sophocles (-497), Epicurus (-341), Pericles (-494), and Democritus (-460).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Socrates ranks 3Before him are Aristotle (-384) and Plato (-427). After him are Pythagoras (-570), Epicurus (-341), Democritus (-460), Plutarch (46), Protagoras (-486), Gorgias (-483), Theophrastus (-371), Pyrrho (-365), and Antisthenes (-445).