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470 BC - 390 BC

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Philolaus (; Ancient Greek: Φιλόλαος, Philólaos; c. 470 – c. 385 BCE) was a Greek Pythagorean and pre-Socratic philosopher. He was born in a Greek colony in Italy and migrated to Greece. Philolaus has been called one of three most prominent figures in the Pythagorean tradition and the most outstanding figure in the Pythagorean school. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philolaus has received more than 235,063 page views. His biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia. Philolaus is the 51st most popular mathematician (up from 54th in 2019), the 420th most popular biography from Italy (down from 419th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Mathematician.

Philolaus is most famous for his Pythagorean theorem.

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Among mathematicians, Philolaus ranks 51 out of 823Before him are Eudoxus of Cnidus, Sophie Germain, Claude Shannon, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Norbert Wiener, and Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet. After him are Karl Weierstrass, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Nikolai Lobachevsky, Gaspard Monge, Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, and Abraham de Moivre.

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Among people born in 470 BC, Philolaus ranks 4Before him are Socrates, Aspasia, and Mozi. After him are Melissus of Samos, Callicrates, Hippocrates of Chios, Achilles Painter, and Teres I. Among people deceased in 390 BC, Philolaus ranks 1After him are Brennus, Conon, and Amadocus I.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Philolaus ranks 420 out of 4,668Before him are Pope Adeodatus II (610), Pope Clement III (1130), Carlo Gesualdo (1566), Pope Nicholas III (1215), Dino Zoff (1942), and Tinto Brass (1933). After him are Pope Marcellus I (255), Amadeo I of Spain (1845), Clara Petacci (1912), Hippasus (-600), Pope Benedict III (810), and Pope Sergius IV (970).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Philolaus ranks 8Before him are Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Luca Pacioli (1445), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Archytas (-428), and Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718). After him are Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), Lodovico Ferrari (1522), Aloysius Lilius (1510), and Giambattista della Porta (1535).