384 BC - 321 BC

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Aristotle (; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, meteorology, geology, and government. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aristotle has received more than 16,303,597 page views. His biography is available in 195 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 191 in 2019). Aristotle is the most popular philosopher (up from 2nd in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from Greece (up from 3rd in 2019) and the most popular Greek Philosopher.

Aristotle is most famous for his philosophy on the four causes. He believed that there were four causes for everything, and that they were material, formal, efficient, and final.

Memorability Metrics

  • 16M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 96.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 195

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 17.52

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.71

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Aristotles by language


Among philosophers, Aristotle ranks 1 out of 1,089After him are Plato, Socrates, Confucius, Gautama Buddha, Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Avicenna, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Friedrich Nietzsche, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Augustine of Hippo.

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Among people born in 384 BC, Aristotle ranks 1After him is Demosthenes. Among people deceased in 321 BC, Aristotle ranks 1After him are Perdiccas, Craterus, King Xian of Zhou, and Neoptolemus.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Aristotle ranks 2 out of 855Before him are Alexander the Great (-356). After him are Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Hippocrates (-460), Pythagoras (-570), Spartacus (-109), Sophocles (-497), Epicurus (-341), Pericles (-494), and Democritus (-460).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Aristotle ranks 1After him are Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Pythagoras (-570), Epicurus (-341), Democritus (-460), Plutarch (46), Protagoras (-486), Gorgias (-483), Theophrastus (-371), Pyrrho (-365), and Antisthenes (-445).