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604 BC - 600 BC

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Laozi (, Chinese: 老子), also romanized as Lao Tzu and various other ways, was a semi-legendary ancient Chinese philosopher, author of the Tao Te Ching, the foundational text of Taoism along with the Zhuangzi. Laozi is a Chinese honorific, typically translated as "the Old Master". Modern scholarship generally regards his biographical details as invented, and his opus a collaboration. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Laozi has received more than 8,419,132 page views. His biography is available in 141 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 137 in 2019). Laozi is the 36th most popular philosopher (down from 32nd in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from China and the 2nd most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Laozi is most famous for being the founder of Daoism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.11

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 141

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.42

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 6.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Laozis by language


Among philosophers, Laozi ranks 36 out of 1,081Before him are Parmenides, Baruch Spinoza, Martin Heidegger, Anaximander, Al-Ghazali, and Diogenes. After him are David Hume, Søren Kierkegaard, Protagoras, Thomas More, Maria Montessori, and Sun Tzu.

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Among people born in 604 BC, Laozi ranks 1 Among people deceased in 600 BC, Laozi ranks 1After him are Daniel, Tomyris, Draco, Belshazzar, Habakkuk, Astyages, Maya, Epimenides, Theano, Anacharsis, and Phalaris.

Others Born in 604 BC

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In China

Among people born in China, Laozi ranks 5 out of 1,392Before him are Confucius (-551), Mao Zedong (1893), Qin Shi Huang (-258), and Huang Xianfan (1899). After him are Sun Tzu (-544), Zheng He (1387), 14th Dalai Lama (1935), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), and Sima Qian (-145).


Among philosophers born in China, Laozi ranks 2Before him are Confucius (-551). After him are Sun Tzu (-544), Mencius (-372), Zhuang Zhou (-369), Mozi (-470), Zhu Xi (1130), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), Shen Kuo (1031), and Wang Yangming (1472).