604 BC - 600 BC

Photo of Laozi

Icon of person Laozi

Laozi (UK: ; Chinese: 老子, Mandarin: [làu.tsɹ̩]; commonly translated as "Old Master") also rendered as Lao Tzu (), and Lao-Tze (), was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching, the founder of philosophical Taoism, and a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions. A semi-legendary figure, Laozi is usually portrayed as a 6th-century BCE contemporary of Confucius in the Spring and Autumn period. Some modern historians consider him to have lived during the Warring States period of the 4th century BCE. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Laozi has received more than 3,913,384 page views. His biography is available in 137 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 134 in 2019). Laozi is the 32nd most popular philosopher (down from 28th in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from China and the 2nd most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Laozi is most famous for being the founder of Daoism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 137

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.10

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Laozis by language


Among philosophers, Laozi ranks 32 out of 1,089Before him are Seneca the Younger, Friedrich Engels, Averroes, Democritus, Diogenes, and David Hume. After him are Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Auguste Comte, Sun Tzu, Plutarch, and Al-Ghazali.

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Among people born in 604 BC, Laozi ranks 1 Among people deceased in 600 BC, Laozi ranks 1After him are Daniel, Draco, Tomyris, Belshazzar, Astyages, Maya, Epimenides, Phalaris, Theano, Anacharsis, and Ibycus.

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In China

Among people born in China, Laozi ranks 5 out of 1,186Before him are Confucius (-551), Mao Zedong (1893), Huang Xianfan (1899), and Qin Shi Huang (-258). After him are Sun Tzu (-543), 14th Dalai Lama (1935), Zheng He (1387), Chiang Kai-shek (1887), Sima Qian (-145), Deng Xiaoping (1904), and Sun Yat-sen (1866).


Among philosophers born in China, Laozi ranks 2Before him are Confucius (-551). After him are Sun Tzu (-543), Mencius (-372), Zhuang Zhou (-369), Zhu Xi (1130), Mozi (-470), Padmasambhava (717), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), and Shen Kuo (1031).