Zheng He

1387 - 1433

Photo of Zheng He

Icon of person Zheng He

Admiral Zheng He or Cheng Ho (simplified Chinese: 郑和; traditional Chinese: 鄭和; pinyin: Zhènghé; Wade–Giles: Chêng-ho; 1371–1433 or 1435) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during the early Ming dynasty often regarded as the greatest admiral in Chinese history. He was originally born as Ma He in a Muslim family and later adopted the surname Zheng conferred by the Yongle Emperor. Commissioned by the Yongle Emperor and later the Xuande Emperor, Zheng commanded seven expeditionary treasure voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Asia, and East Africa from 1405 to 1433. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zheng He has received more than 3,829,328 page views. His biography is available in 135 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 129 in 2019). Zheng He is the 11th most popular explorer, the 7th most popular biography from China and the most popular Chinese Explorer.

Zheng He is most famous for his voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, and East Africa in the 15th century.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 135

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.08

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.29

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among explorers, Zheng He ranks 11 out of 498Before him are Amerigo Vespucci, Ibn Battuta, Roald Amundsen, Bartolomeu Dias, Hernán Cortés, and James Cook. After him are Francis Drake, Francisco Pizarro, Prince Henry the Navigator, Abel Tasman, Pedro Álvares Cabral, and Xuanzang.

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Among people born in 1387, Zheng He ranks 1After him is Blanche I of Navarre. Among people deceased in 1433, Zheng He ranks 1After him are John I of Portugal, Emperor Go-Komatsu, Lê Lợi, Lidwina, Baysunghur, Joan of France, Duchess of Brittany, James II, Count of Urgell, and Nicholas II Garai.

Others Born in 1387

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Others Deceased in 1433

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In China

Among people born in China, Zheng He ranks 7 out of 1,610Before him are Confucius (-551), Mao Zedong (1893), Huang Xianfan (1899), Qin Shi Huang (-258), Sun Tzu (-544), and Laozi (-604). After him are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Li Bai (701), Sima Qian (-145), 14th Dalai Lama (1935), and Xi Jinping (1953).

Among EXPLORERS In China

Among explorers born in China, Zheng He ranks 1After him are Xuanzang (602), Zhang Qian (-200), Xu Fu (-255), Gan Ying (100), and Ma Huan (1380).