600 BC - 600 BC

Photo of Tomyris

Icon of person Tomyris

Tomyris (; Saka: *Taumuriyaʰ; Ancient Greek: Τομυρις, romanized: Tomuris; Latin: Tomyris) also called Thomyris, Tomris, or Tomiride, is known only from the Greek historian Herodotus. According to him, she reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian Saka people of Central Asia. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and defeated and killed him in 530 BC. She had his severed head placed in a bag or bowl filled with blood, saying to it "There: drink your fill of blood!" She is not mentioned in the few other early sources covering the period, especially Ctesias. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Tomyris has received more than 1,341,642 page views. Her biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 45 in 2019). Tomyris is the 216th most popular politician (down from 210th in 2019), the most popular biography from Kazakhstan and the most popular Kazakhstani Politician.

Tomyris was a queen of the Massagetae, a nomadic people of Central Asia. Her army had defeated the Persians and she is most famous for defeating Cyrus the Great in 530 BC.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.68

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 48

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.87

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Tomyris ranks 216 out of 19,576Before her are Haakon VII of Norway, Louis XVII of France, Olav V of Norway, Xi Jinping, Kublai Khan, and Jacques Chirac. After her are Klemens von Metternich, Louis IX of France, Nicholas I of Russia, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Harun al-Rashid, and Sonia Gandhi.

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Among people born in 600 BC, Tomyris ranks 3Before her are Cyrus the Great, and Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. After her are Esther, Lucretia, Ānanda, Servius Tullius, Peisistratos, Hippasus, Yaśodharā, Cambyses I, and Belshazzar. Among people deceased in 600 BC, Tomyris ranks 2Before her is Laozi. After her are Draco, Habakkuk, Belshazzar, Astyages, Maya, Theano, Anacharsis, Epimenides, Phalaris, and Ibycus.

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In Kazakhstan

Among people born in Kazakhstan, Tomyris ranks 1 out of 193After her are Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940), Ahmad Yasawi (1103), Seljuk (902), Muhammad Shaybani (1451), Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (1953), Akhmad Kadyrov (1951), Lavr Kornilov (1870), Abai Qunanbaiuly (1845), Vladimir Zhirinovsky (1946), Aslan Maskhadov (1951), and Tughlugh Timur (1329).

Among POLITICIANS In Kazakhstan

Among politicians born in Kazakhstan, Tomyris ranks 1After her are Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940), Seljuk (902), Muhammad Shaybani (1451), Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (1953), Akhmad Kadyrov (1951), Vladimir Zhirinovsky (1946), Aslan Maskhadov (1951), Tughlugh Timur (1329), Edigu (1352), Ablai Khan (1711), and Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev (1952).