Maria Montessori

1870 - 1952

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Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori ( MON-tiss-OR-ee, Italian: [maˈriːa montesˈsɔːri]; 31 August 1870 – 6 May 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for her philosophy of education and her writing on scientific pedagogy. At an early age, Montessori enrolled in classes at an all-boys technical school, with hopes of becoming an engineer. She soon had a change of heart and began medical school at the Sapienza University of Rome, becoming one of the first women to attend medical school in Italy; she graduated with honors in 1896. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Montessori has received more than 3,187,912 page views. Her biography is available in 90 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 86 in 2019). Maria Montessori is the 37th most popular philosopher (up from 42nd in 2019), the 36th most popular biography from Italy (up from 41st in 2019) and the 4th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Maria Montessori is most famous for her philosophy of education. She believed that children should be allowed to develop at their own pace and have a natural curiosity about the world around them.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.95

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 90

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 15.30

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.96

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Maria Montessori ranks 37 out of 1,267Before her are Diogenes, Parmenides, Baruch Spinoza, Anaximander, Al-Farabi, and Martin Heidegger. After her are Plutarch, Søren Kierkegaard, David Hume, Sun Tzu, Rajneesh, and Laozi.

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Among people born in 1870, Maria Montessori ranks 2Before her is Vladimir Lenin. After her are Alfred Adler, Christian X of Denmark, Franz Lehár, Jean Baptiste Perrin, Jules Bordet, Adolf Loos, Albert Fish, Miguel Primo de Rivera, William G. Morgan, and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. Among people deceased in 1952, Maria Montessori ranks 1After her are Knut Hamsun, Eva Perón, George VI, John Dewey, Chaim Weizmann, Alexandra Kollontai, Wilm Hosenfeld, Paul Éluard, Karen Horney, Sveinn Björnsson, and Benedetto Croce.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 36 out of 5,161Before her are Caligula (12), Alessandro Volta (1745), Horace (-65), Parmenides (-501), Giacomo Puccini (1858), and Niccolò Paganini (1782). After her are Titian (1488), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Silvio Berlusconi (1936), Pontius Pilate (-12), Pope John Paul I (1912), and Tiberius (-42).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 4Before her are Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), Thomas Aquinas (1225), and Parmenides (-501). After her are Empedocles (-490), Lucretius (-94), Zeno of Elea (-490), Pliny the Elder (23), Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), and Tommaso Campanella (1568).