Shen Kuo

1031 - 1095

Photo of Shen Kuo

Icon of person Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo (Chinese: 沈括; 1031–1095) or Shen Gua, courtesy name Cunzhong (存中) and pseudonym Mengqi (now usually given as Mengxi) Weng (夢溪翁), was a Chinese polymath, scientist, and statesman of the Song dynasty (960–1279). Shen was a master in many fields of study including mathematics, optics, and horology. In his career as a civil servant, he became a finance minister, governmental state inspector, head official for the Bureau of Astronomy in the Song court, Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality, and also served as an academic chancellor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shen Kuo has received more than 441,987 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Shen Kuo is the 258th most popular philosopher (down from 235th in 2019), the 157th most popular biography from China (down from 116th in 2019) and the 11th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Shen kuo is most famous for its temples and temples.

Memorability Metrics

  • 440k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.75

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.57

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Shen Kuo ranks 258 out of 1,267Before him are Padmasambhava, Vladimir Solovyov, Georges Sorel, Hugh of Saint Victor, Anacharsis, and Isaiah Berlin. After him are William Godwin, Speusippus, Ibn al-Nafis, Nicole Oresme, Hans Jonas, and Ammonius Saccas.

Most Popular Philosophers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1031, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Roger I of Sicily. After him are Matilda of Flanders, Malcolm III of Scotland, Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia, and Robert, Count of Mortain. Among people deceased in 1095, Shen Kuo ranks 2Before him is Ladislaus I of Hungary. After him are Tutush I, Leopold II, Margrave of Austria, Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad, Olaf I of Denmark, Constantine Doukas, Haakon Magnusson of Norway, Henry III, Count of Louvain, Ruben I, Prince of Armenia, Sophia of Hungary, and Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder.

Others Born in 1031

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1095

Go to all Rankings

In China

Among people born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 157 out of 1,610Before him are Li Xiannian (1909), Huo Yuanjia (1868), Emperor Ruizong of Tang (662), Emperor Wen of Han (-202), Khorloogiin Choibalsan (1895), and Huineng (638). After him are Yang Chen-Ning (1922), Liu Shan (207), Su Shi (1037), Wang Wei (699), Sun Bin (-401), and Tsung-Dao Lee (1926).


Among philosophers born in China, Shen Kuo ranks 11Before him are Zhuang Zhou (-369), Zhu Xi (1130), Mozi (-470), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), and Milarepa (1052). After him are Wang Yangming (1472), Guan Zhong (-720), Han Yu (768), Ban Zhao (45), Dong Zhongshu (-179), and Ge Hong (284).