Han Fei

280 BC - 232 BC

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Icon of person Han Fei

Han Fei (c. 280 – 233 BC), also known as Han Feizi or Han Fei Zi, was a Chinese Legalist philosopher and statesman during the Warring States period. He was a prince of the state of Han.Han Fei is often considered the greatest representative of Legalism for the Han Feizi, a later anthology of writings traditionally attributed to him, which synthesized the methods of his predecessors. Han Fei's ideas are sometimes compared with those of Niccolò Machiavelli, author of The Prince. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Han Fei has received more than 548,289 page views. His biography is available in 57 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Han Fei is the 164th most popular philosopher (up from 182nd in 2019), the 60th most popular biography from China (up from 66th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Han Fei is most famous for his philosophy of Legalism, which advocates strict adherence to the law and harsh punishment for those who disobey.

Memorability Metrics

  • 550k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.94

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 57

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.96

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.65

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Han Feis by language

Over the past year Han Fei has had the most page views in the with 310,191 views, followed by English (89,198), and Chinese (82,943). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Indonesian (269.07%), Japanese (249.42%), and Thai (122.25%)


Among philosophers, Han Fei ranks 164 out of 1,267Before him are Ferdinand Tönnies, John Wycliffe, Hippias, Chrysippus, Sextus Empiricus, and Kabir. After him are Jean Buridan, Jean Baudrillard, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Max Horkheimer, Cesare Beccaria, and Athanasius Kircher.

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Among people born in 280 BC, Han Fei ranks 2Before him is Li Si. After him are Livius Andronicus, Philo of Byzantium, Arsaces I of Parthia, Conon of Samos, Pyrrhus II of Epirus, Nicomedes, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Ariamnes of Cappadocia. Among people deceased in 232 BC, Han Fei ranks 2Before him is Ashoka. After him is Cleanthes.

Others Born in 280 BC

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Others Deceased in 232 BC

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In China

Among people born in China, Han Fei ranks 60 out of 1,610Before him are Emperor Gaozu of Tang (566), Li Ching-Yuen (1677), Sima Yi (179), Li Si (-280), Xiang Yu (-232), and Gao Xingjian (1940). After him are Xuande Emperor (1399), Guangxu Emperor (1871), Shang Yang (-390), Zhang Fei (167), Jiang Qing (1914), and Liu Shaoqi (1898).


Among philosophers born in China, Han Fei ranks 8Before him are Sun Tzu (-544), Laozi (-604), Mencius (-372), Zhuang Zhou (-369), Zhu Xi (1130), and Mozi (-470). After him are Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), Shen Kuo (1031), Wang Yangming (1472), Guan Zhong (-720), and Han Yu (768).