Ernst Haeckel

1834 - 1919

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Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (German: [ɛʁnst ˈhɛkl̩]; 16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German zoologist, naturalist, eugenicist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist and artist. He discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms and coined many terms in biology, including ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ernst Haeckel has received more than 1,798,046 page views. His biography is available in 86 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 82 in 2019). Ernst Haeckel is the 8th most popular biologist (up from 9th in 2019), the 99th most popular biography from Germany (up from 100th in 2019) and the most popular German Biologist.

Ernst Haeckel is most famous for his work in comparative anatomy and evolutionary biology. He was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, and artist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.12

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 86

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.28

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.61

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Ernst Haeckel ranks 8 out of 1,097Before him are Carl Linnaeus, Gregor Mendel, Alexander Fleming, Ivan Pavlov, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. After him are Konrad Lorenz, Georges Cuvier, Rosalind Franklin, James Watson, Karl Landsteiner, and Alfred Russel Wallace.

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Among people born in 1834, Ernst Haeckel ranks 4Before him are Dmitri Mendeleev, Edgar Degas, and Gottlieb Daimler. After him are John Venn, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, William Morris, Duchess Helene in Bavaria, Léon Walras, August Weismann, Amilcare Ponchielli, and Jan Neruda. Among people deceased in 1919, Ernst Haeckel ranks 4Before him are Rosa Luxemburg, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Theodore Roosevelt. After him are Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Gojong of Korea, Emil Fischer, Karl Liebknecht, Emiliano Zapata, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Carl Larsson, and John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Ernst Haeckel ranks 99 out of 7,253Before him are Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1050), Theodor Mommsen (1817), Gerhard Schröder (1944), Karl Lagerfeld (1933), and Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1368). After him are Claus von Stauffenberg (1907), Erich Honecker (1912), William the Silent (1533), Max Born (1882), Willy Brandt (1913), and Carl Maria von Weber (1786).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Germany

Among biologists born in Germany, Ernst Haeckel ranks 1After him are Maria Sibylla Merian (1647), Katherine Oppenheimer (1910), Theodor Schwann (1810), Albrecht Kossel (1853), Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804), Harald zur Hausen (1936), Hans Spemann (1869), Peter Simon Pallas (1741), August Weismann (1834), Ernst Mayr (1904), and Bernard Katz (1911).