Robert Brown

1773 - 1858

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Robert Brown (21 December 1773 – 10 June 1858) was a Scottish botanist and paleobotanist who made important contributions to botany largely through his pioneering use of the microscope. His contributions include one of the earliest detailed descriptions of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming; the observation of Brownian motion; early work on plant pollination and fertilisation, including being the first to recognise the fundamental difference between gymnosperms and angiosperms; and some of the earliest studies in palynology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Robert Brown has received more than 114,216 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 57 in 2019). Robert Brown is the 21st most popular biologist (down from 19th in 2019), the 223rd most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 208th in 2019) and the 7th most popular British Biologist.

Robert Brown is most famous for his discovery of Brownian motion.

Memorability Metrics

  • 110k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.88

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.81

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Robert Brown ranks 21 out of 1,097Before him are Francis Crick, Thomas Hunt Morgan, Thomas Henry Huxley, Élie Metchnikoff, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, and Luc Montagnier. After him are Richard Dawkins, Maria Sibylla Merian, Conrad Gessner, Jules Bordet, Rachel Carson, and Yoshinori Ohsumi.

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Among people born in 1773, Robert Brown ranks 4Before him are Louis Philippe I, Klemens von Metternich, and Thomas Young. After him are William Henry Harrison, Ludwig Tieck, Friedrich Mohs, Aimé Bonpland, James Mill, Thérésa Tallien, Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi, and Louis I of Etruria. Among people deceased in 1858, Robert Brown ranks 3Before him are Robert Owen, and Joseph Radetzky von Radetz. After him are Hiroshige, Rani of Jhansi, Matthew C. Perry, Johannes Peter Müller, Karl Thomas Mozart, Anton Diabelli, John Snow, Ary Scheffer, and Aimé Bonpland.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Robert Brown ranks 223 out of 8,785Before him are Richard Madden (1986), C. F. Powell (1903), Mary Tudor, Queen of France (1496), Ozzy Osbourne (1948), Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (1982), and Thomas Newcomen (1663). After him are Laurence Olivier (1907), Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901), Alcuin (735), James Hunt (1947), Charles Glover Barkla (1877), and Stan Laurel (1890).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, Robert Brown ranks 7Before him are Charles Darwin (1809), Alexander Fleming (1881), Rosalind Franklin (1920), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823), Francis Crick (1916), and Thomas Henry Huxley (1825). After him are Christian de Duve (1917), Richard Owen (1804), John Edward Gray (1800), Robert Edwards (1925), Philip Miller (1691), and Archibald Hill (1886).